U4a1d

Summary

Age: 3,255.0 ± 3,091.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C198T
Parent Branch: U4a1
Descendant branch(s):

Background

Haplogroup U4a1d is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 200 and 6,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
10 U4a1d 198 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 U4a1d 198 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 U4a1d 198 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 U4a1d 198 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 U4a1d C198T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 U4a1d C198T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 U4a1d C198T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 U4a1d C198T Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5008381 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none U4a1d:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5016169 Sukernik et al., 2012 U4a1d:16129 U4a1d:4206
Hap5016372 Sukernik et al., 2012 none U4a1d:315.1C
Hap5016827 Malyarchuk et al., 2010a none U4a1d:315.1C, 4206, 9335A
Hap5016830 Malyarchuk et al., 2010a none U4a1d:309.1C, 315.1C, 4206, 9335A

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10085275 United States Poland Poland Poland
Hap10085276 Turkey Turkey Russia Russia
Hap10085277 Unspecified United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10085278 United States United States United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10085279 United States United States United States United States
Hap10085280 United States United States United States United States
Hap10085281 United States United States United States United States
Hap10085282 United States United States United States United States
Hap10085283 United States United States United States United States
Hap10085284 United States United States United States United States
Hap10085285 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10085286 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10085287 Lithuania Unspecified Unspecified Lithuania
Hap10085288 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10085289 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085290 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085291 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085292 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085293 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085294 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085295 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085296 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085297 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085298 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085299 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085300 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085301 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085302 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085303 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10085304 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Keywords

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