U4a1b1

Summary

Age: 3,387.7 ± 2,547.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C296T
Parent Branch: U4a1b
Descendant branch(s): U4a1b1a

Background

Haplogroup U4a1b1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 800 and 5,900 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
08 U4a1b1 296 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 U4a1b1 296 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 U4a1b1 296 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 U4a1b1 296 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 U4a1b1 296 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 U4a1b1 296 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 U4a1b1 C296T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 U4a1b1 C296T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 U4a1b1 C296T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 U4a1b1 C296T Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5004767 Behar et al., 2012b none U4a1b1:315.1C, 498d, 524.1AC
Hap5005087 Behar et al., 2012b none U4a1b1:64Y, 315.1C, 16289
Hap5007286 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 U4a1b1:16129 U4a1b1:315.1C, 524.1AC, 7119, 8705, 14668
Hap5007552 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 U4a1b1:16129 U4a1b1:315.1C, 524.1AC, 8705, 11380, 16086
Hap5007588 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none U4a1b1:315.1C, 12352
Hap5016033 Malyarchuk et al., 2008a U4a1b1:16356 U4a1b1:315.1C, 524.1ACAC, 7853, 14368
Hap5016074 Malyarchuk et al., 2008a none U4a1b1:315.1C, 524.1ACAC

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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