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U4a1b

Summary

Age: 4,662.8 ± 2,474.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A745G C3204T
Parent Branch: U4a1
Descendant branch(s): U4a1b1 U4a1b2

Background

Haplogroup U4a1b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 2,200 and 7,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build#CalledMutationsNotes
01U4a1b745 3204Released 27 Aug 2008
02U4a1b745 3204Released 14 Oct 2008
05U4a1b745 3204Released 8 Jul 2009
06U4a1b745 3204Released 28 Sep 2009
07U4a1b745 3204Released 10 Nov 2009
08U4a1b745 3204Released 21 Mar 2010
09U4a1b745 3204Released 20 Jun 2010
10U4a1b745 3204Released 10 Aug 2010
11U4a1b745 3204Released 7 Feb 2011
12U4a1b745 3204Released 20 Jul 2011
13U4a1b745 3204Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14U4a1bA745G C3204TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15U4a1bA745G C3204TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16U4a1bA745G C3204TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17U4a1bA745G C3204TReleased 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001628Behar et al., 2012bnoneU4a1b:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5016044Malyarchuk et al., 2008anoneU4a1b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 7816, 11809, 16301
Hap5016047Malyarchuk et al., 2008anoneU4a1b:152, 309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 14568, 16301

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10085106AustraliaAustraliaAustraliaAustralia
Hap10085107AustraliaAustraliaAustraliaAustralia
Hap10085108AustraliaAustraliaAustraliaAustralia
Hap10085109CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10085110CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10085111United StatesUnited StatesCanadaCanada
Hap10085112United StatesUnited StatesFranceFrance
Hap10085113GermanyGermanyGermanyGermany
Hap10085114GermanyGermanyGermanyGermany
Hap10085115United StatesGermanyGermanyGermany
Hap10085116United StatesUnited KingdomIrelandIreland
Hap10085117NetherlandsNetherlandsNetherlandsNetherlands
Hap10085118United StatesUnited StatesPolandPoland
Hap10085119United StatesUnited StatesSwedenSweden
Hap10085120CanadaUnited StatesUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10085121United StatesUnited StatesUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10085122CanadaCanadaUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085123CanadaCanadaUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085124United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085125United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085126United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085127United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085128United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085129United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085130United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085131United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085132United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085133United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085134United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085135United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085136United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085137United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085138United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085139United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085140United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085141United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085142United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085143United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085144United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085145United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085146United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085147United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085148United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085149United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085150United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085151United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085152United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085153United States TerritoriesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10085154United StatesHungaryUnspecifiedHungary
Hap10085155United StatesNetherlandsUnspecifiedNetherlands
Hap10085156United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10085157United KingdomUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10085158United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10085159United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10085160United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10085161United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10085162United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10085163United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10085164United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10085165United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10085166United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10085167United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10085168United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10085169United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10085170United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10085171United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10085172United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10085173United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10085174UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10085175United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10085176United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10085177United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10085178United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10085179United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10085180United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10085181UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085182UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085183UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085184UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085185UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085186UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085187UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085188UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085189UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085190UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085191UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085192UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085193UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085194UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085195UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085196UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085197UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085198UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085199UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085200UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085201UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085202UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085203UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085204UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085205UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085206UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085207UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085208UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085209UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085210UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085211UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085212UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085213UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085214UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085215UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085216UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085217UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085218UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085219UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085220UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085221UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085222UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085223UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085224UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085225UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085226UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085227UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085228UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085229UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085230UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085231UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085232UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085233UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085234UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085235UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085236UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085237UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085238UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085239UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085240UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085241UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085242UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085243UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085244UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085245UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085246UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085247UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085248UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085249UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085250UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085251UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085252UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085253UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085254UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085255UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10085256UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|