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U4a1

Summary

Age: 7,734.6 ± 2,628.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T152C! A12937G C16134T
Parent Branch: U4a
Descendant branch(s): U4a1a U4a1b U4a1c U4a1d U4a1e

Background

Haplogroup U4a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 5,100 and 10,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build#CalledMutationsNotes
01U4a1152 12937 16134Released 27 Aug 2008
02U4a1152 12937 16134Released 14 Oct 2008
05U4a1152 12937 16134Released 8 Jul 2009
06U4a1152 12937 16134Released 28 Sep 2009
07U4a1152 12937 16134Released 10 Nov 2009
08U4a1152 12937 16134Released 21 Mar 2010
09U4a1152 12937 16134Released 20 Jun 2010
10U4a1152 12937 16134Released 10 Aug 2010
11U4a1152 12937 16134Released 7 Feb 2011
12U4a1152 12937 16134Released 20 Jul 2011
13U4a1152 12937 16134Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14U4a1T152C! A12937G C16134TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15U4a1T152C! A12937G C16134TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16U4a1T152C! A12937G C16134TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17U4a1T152C! A12937G C16134TReleased 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5001483Behar et al., 2012bU4a1:16129, 16311U4a1:315.1C, 524.1AC, 8393, 16093
Hap5003261Behar et al., 2012bnoneU4a1:315.1C, 378, 524.1AC
Hap5003305Behar et al., 2012bnoneU4a1:315.1C, 524.1ACAC
Hap5003573Behar et al., 2012bnoneU4a1:204, 315.1C, 7052
Hap5008385Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016U4a1:16129, 16311U4a1:315.1C, 524.1AC, 8393, 16093
Hap5009378Hartmann et al., 2008noneU4a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 7025T, 7868, 11087, 13773
Hap5009389Hartmann et al., 2008noneU4a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 8392, 9518, 15346, 16362
Hap5013917Schönberg et al., 2011noneU4a1:310, 961N, 8167, 12618
Hap5019579Khan et al., 2014U4a1:15693, 16223U4a1:315.1C, 5976G, 11778, 13722, 15031, 15690, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10084768AustraliaAustraliaAustraliaAustralia
Hap10084769TurkeyBulgariaBulgariaBulgaria
Hap10084770United StatesGermanyGermanyGermany
Hap10084771GreeceGreeceGreeceGreece
Hap10084772United StatesUnited StatesGreeceGreece
Hap10084773IranIranIranIran
Hap10084774IranIranIranIran
Hap10084775United StatesUnited StatesPolandPoland
Hap10084776United StatesUnited StatesSlovakiaSlovakia
Hap10084777SwedenSwedenSwedenSweden
Hap10084778United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10084779United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10084780United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10084781United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10084782United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10084783United StatesGermanyUnspecifiedGermany
Hap10084784SwedenSwedenUnspecifiedSweden
Hap10084785United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10084786United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10084787United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10084788UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10084789UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10084790UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10084791UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10084792UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10084793UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10084794UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10084795UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10084796UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10084797UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10084798UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10084799UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10084800UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10084801UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10084802UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10084803UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10084804UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10084805UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10084806UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10084807UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10084808UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10084809UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10084810UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10084811UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10084812UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10084813UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10084814UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10084815UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10084816UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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