U4a1

Summary

Age: 7,734.6 ± 2,628.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T152C! A12937G C16134T
Parent Branch: U4a
Descendant branch(s): U4a1a U4a1b U4a1c U4a1d U4a1e

Background

Haplogroup U4a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 5,100 and 10,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 U4a1 152 12937 16134 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 U4a1 152 12937 16134 Released 14 Oct 2008
05 U4a1 152 12937 16134 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 U4a1 152 12937 16134 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 U4a1 152 12937 16134 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 U4a1 152 12937 16134 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 U4a1 152 12937 16134 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 U4a1 152 12937 16134 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 U4a1 152 12937 16134 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 U4a1 152 12937 16134 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 U4a1 152 12937 16134 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 U4a1 T152C! A12937G C16134T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 U4a1 T152C! A12937G C16134T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 U4a1 T152C! A12937G C16134T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 U4a1 T152C! A12937G C16134T Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5001483 Behar et al., 2012b U4a1:16129, 16311 U4a1:315.1C, 524.1AC, 8393, 16093
Hap5003261 Behar et al., 2012b none U4a1:315.1C, 378, 524.1AC
Hap5003305 Behar et al., 2012b none U4a1:315.1C, 524.1ACAC
Hap5003573 Behar et al., 2012b none U4a1:204, 315.1C, 7052
Hap5008385 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 U4a1:16129, 16311 U4a1:315.1C, 524.1AC, 8393, 16093
Hap5009378 Hartmann et al., 2008 none U4a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 7025T, 7868, 11087, 13773
Hap5009389 Hartmann et al., 2008 none U4a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 8392, 9518, 15346, 16362
Hap5013917 Schönberg et al., 2011 none U4a1:310, 961N, 8167, 12618
Hap5019579 Khan et al., 2014 U4a1:15693, 16223 U4a1:315.1C, 5976G, 11778, 13722, 15031, 15690, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10084768 Australia Australia Australia Australia
Hap10084769 Turkey Bulgaria Bulgaria Bulgaria
Hap10084770 United States Germany Germany Germany
Hap10084771 Greece Greece Greece Greece
Hap10084772 United States United States Greece Greece
Hap10084773 Iran Iran Iran Iran
Hap10084774 Iran Iran Iran Iran
Hap10084775 United States United States Poland Poland
Hap10084776 United States United States Slovakia Slovakia
Hap10084777 Sweden Sweden Sweden Sweden
Hap10084778 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084779 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084780 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084781 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084782 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084783 United States Germany Unspecified Germany
Hap10084784 Sweden Sweden Unspecified Sweden
Hap10084785 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10084786 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10084787 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10084788 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084789 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084790 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084791 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084792 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084793 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084794 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084795 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084796 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084797 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084798 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084799 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084800 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084801 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084802 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084803 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084804 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084805 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084806 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084807 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084808 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084809 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084810 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084811 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084812 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084813 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084814 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084815 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084816 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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