U4a

Summary

Age: 14,949.4 ± 3,348.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C8818T
Parent Branch: U4
Descendant branch(s): U4a1 U4a2 U4a3

Background

Haplogroup U4a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 11,600 and 18,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 U4a 524.1AC 8818 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 U4a 524.1AC 8818 Released 14 Oct 2008
05 U4a 8818 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 U4a 8818 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 U4a 8818 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 U4a 8818 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 U4a 8818 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 U4a 8818 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 U4a 8818 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 U4a 8818 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 U4a 8818 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 U4a C8818T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 U4a C8818T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 U4a C8818T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 U4a C8818T Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5016371 Sukernik et al., 2012 none U4a:315.1C, 5945, 16294
Hap5016373 Sukernik et al., 2012 none U4a:4688, 5705, 16113C, 16362
Hap5023554 Zheng et al., 2012 none U4a:310d, 14687
Hap5023555 Zheng et al., 2012 U4a:152 U4a:195, 4917, 9145, 13708, 14180, 15718, 16051, 16147

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10084422 Australia Australia Australia Australia
Hap10084423 Austria Austria Austria Austria
Hap10084424 United States United States Austria Austria
Hap10084425 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10084426 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10084427 United States United States Canada Canada
Hap10084428 Serbia and Montenegro Serbia and Montenegro Croatia Croatia
Hap10084429 United States Denmark Denmark Denmark
Hap10084430 United States United States Finland Finland
Hap10084431 United States France France France
Hap10084432 United States United States France France
Hap10084433 Canada Germany Germany Germany
Hap10084434 Canada Germany Germany Germany
Hap10084435 Denmark Germany Germany Germany
Hap10084436 Germany Germany Germany Germany
Hap10084437 Germany Germany Germany Germany
Hap10084438 Germany Germany Germany Germany
Hap10084439 Spain Germany Germany Germany
Hap10084440 United States Germany Germany Germany
Hap10084441 United States United States Germany Germany
Hap10084442 United States United States Germany Germany
Hap10084443 United States United States Germany Germany
Hap10084444 United States United States Germany Germany
Hap10084445 United States United States Germany Germany
Hap10084446 Australia Greece Greece Greece
Hap10084447 Greece Greece Greece Greece
Hap10084448 United States United States Hungary Hungary
Hap10084449 Saudi Arabia India India India
Hap10084450 United States United States Italy Italy
Hap10084451 Lithuania Lithuania Lithuania Lithuania
Hap10084452 United States Lithuania Lithuania Lithuania
Hap10084453 United States United States Lithuania Lithuania
Hap10084454 Australia Australia New Zealand New Zealand
Hap10084455 Norway Norway Norway Norway
Hap10084456 Norway Norway Norway Norway
Hap10084457 United States United States Poland Poland
Hap10084458 United States United States Poland Poland
Hap10084459 United States United States Poland Poland
Hap10084460 United States United States Poland Poland
Hap10084461 United States United States Poland Poland
Hap10084462 Romania Romania Romania Romania
Hap10084463 Romania Romania Romania Romania
Hap10084464 United States United States Russia Russia
Hap10084465 United States Slovakia Slovakia Slovakia
Hap10084466 Slovenia Slovenia Slovenia Slovenia
Hap10084467 Spain Spain Spain Spain
Hap10084468 United States United States Sweden Sweden
Hap10084469 United States United States Switzerland Switzerland
Hap10084470 Turkey Turkey Turkey Turkey
Hap10084471 Canada Canada Ukraine Ukraine
Hap10084472 Canada Canada Ukraine Ukraine
Hap10084473 Australia Australia United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10084474 Australia Australia United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10084475 Unspecified United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10084476 Germany United States United States United States
Hap10084477 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084478 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084479 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084480 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084481 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084482 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084483 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084484 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084485 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084486 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084487 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084488 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084489 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084490 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084491 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084492 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084493 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084494 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084495 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084496 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084497 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084498 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084499 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084500 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084501 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084502 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084503 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084504 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084505 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084506 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084507 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084508 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084509 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084510 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084511 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084512 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084513 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084514 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084515 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084516 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084517 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084518 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084519 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084520 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084521 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084522 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084523 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084524 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084525 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084526 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084527 United States United States United States United States
Hap10084528 Unspecified United States United States United States
Hap10084529 Unspecified United States United States United States
Hap10084530 Unspecified United States United States United States
Hap10084531 Unspecified United States United States United States
Hap10084532 United States United States United States Territories United States Territories
Hap10084533 Argentina Argentina Unspecified Argentina
Hap10084534 Sweden Austria Unspecified Austria
Hap10084535 Bahrain Bahrain Unspecified Bahrain
Hap10084536 Venezuela Cuba Unspecified Cuba
Hap10084537 Estonia Estonia Unspecified Estonia
Hap10084538 Germany Germany Unspecified Germany
Hap10084539 Slovakia Hungary Unspecified Hungary
Hap10084540 Uzbekistan Kyrgyzstan Unspecified Kyrgyzstan
Hap10084541 Lebanon Lebanon Unspecified Lebanon
Hap10084542 Romania Romania Unspecified Romania
Hap10084543 Sweden Sweden Unspecified Sweden
Hap10084544 Japan United States Unspecified United States
Hap10084545 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10084546 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10084547 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10084548 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10084549 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10084550 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10084551 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10084552 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10084553 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10084554 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10084555 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10084556 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10084557 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10084558 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10084559 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10084560 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10084561 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10084562 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10084563 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10084564 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10084565 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10084566 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10084567 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10084568 Unspecified United States Unspecified United States
Hap10084569 Iran Unspecified Unspecified Iran
Hap10084570 Switzerland Unspecified Unspecified Switzerland
Hap10084571 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10084572 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10084573 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10084574 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10084575 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10084576 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10084577 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084578 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084579 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084580 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084581 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084582 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084583 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084584 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084585 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084586 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084587 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084588 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084589 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084590 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084591 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084592 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084593 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084594 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084595 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084596 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084597 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084598 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084599 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084600 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084601 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084602 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084603 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084604 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084605 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084606 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084607 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084608 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084609 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084610 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084611 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084612 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084613 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084614 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084615 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084616 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084617 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084618 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084619 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084620 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084621 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084622 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084623 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084624 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084625 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084626 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084627 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084628 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084629 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084630 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084631 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084632 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084633 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084634 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084635 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084636 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084637 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084638 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084639 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084640 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084641 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084642 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084643 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084644 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084645 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084646 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084647 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084648 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084649 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084650 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084651 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084652 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084653 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084654 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084655 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084656 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084657 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084658 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084659 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084660 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084661 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084662 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084663 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084664 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084665 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084666 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084667 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084668 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084669 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084670 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084671 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084672 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084673 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084674 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084675 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084676 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084677 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084678 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084679 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084680 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084681 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084682 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084683 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084684 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084685 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084686 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084687 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084688 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084689 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084690 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084691 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084692 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084693 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084694 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084695 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084696 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084697 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084698 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084699 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084700 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084701 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084702 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084703 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084704 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084705 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084706 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084707 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084708 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084709 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084710 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084711 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084712 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084713 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084714 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084715 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084716 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084717 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084718 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084719 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084720 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084721 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084722 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084723 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084724 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084725 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084726 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084727 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084728 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084729 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084730 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084731 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084732 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084733 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084734 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084735 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084736 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084737 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084738 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084739 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084740 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084741 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084742 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084743 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084744 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084745 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084746 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084747 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084748 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084749 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084750 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084751 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084752 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084753 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084754 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084755 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084756 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084757 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084758 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084759 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084760 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084761 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084762 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084763 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084764 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084765 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084766 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10084767 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Keywords

Peoples: | Places:

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|