U3a1

Summary

Age: 8,912.4 ± 3,840.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G3010A
Parent Branch: U3a
Descendant branch(s): U3a1a U3a1b U3a1c

Background

Haplogroup U3a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 5,100 and 12,800 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
05 U3a1 3010 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 U3a1 3010 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 U3a1 3010 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 U3a1 3010 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 U3a1 3010 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 U3a1 3010 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 U3a1 3010 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 U3a1 3010 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 U3a1 3010 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 U3a1 G3010A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 U3a1 G3010A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 U3a1 G3010A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 U3a1 G3010A Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5004372 Behar et al., 2012b none U3a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 7265, 8572, 16214, 16527
Hap5004745 Behar et al., 2012b U3a1:1018 U3a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 3531, 11461
Hap5007195 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 U3a1:16189 U3a1:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5007857 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 U3a1:16343 U3a1:315.1C
Hap5009586 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 U3a1:146, 150, 152, 195, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16311, 16343, 16390 U3a1:1-576d, 10724, 15734, 16024-16569d
Hap5010935 Kivisild et al., 2006 U3a1:146, 150, 152, 195, 247, 2294, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16311, 16343, 16390 U3a1:1-435d, 499, 523-524d, 15190, 16022-16569d
Hap5011066 Kloss-Brandstätter et al., 2010 U3a1:152, 16311 U3a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 7775, 16260, 16265T
Hap5012549 Raule et al., 2014 none U3a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 745, 7471d, 15346, 16172
Hap5013634 Raule et al., 2014 none U3a1:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5013720 Raule et al., 2014 none U3a1:315.1C, 524.1AC, 8572, 16214, 16527
Hap5023552 Zheng et al., 2012 none U3a1:6260, 8292
Hap5023553 Zheng et al., 2012 U3a1:16189 U3a1:499, 6228, 15190

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10083682 Australia Australia Australia Australia
Hap10083683 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10083684 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10083685 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10083686 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10083687 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10083688 Sweden Canada Canada Canada
Hap10083689 United States Canada Canada Canada
Hap10083690 Argentina Croatia Croatia Croatia
Hap10083691 France France France France
Hap10083692 Germany Germany Germany Germany
Hap10083693 United States United States Germany Germany
Hap10083694 Turkey Turkey Greece Greece
Hap10083695 United States United States Ireland Ireland
Hap10083696 United States United States Italy Italy
Hap10083697 South Africa South Africa Lithuania Lithuania
Hap10083698 United States United States Lithuania Lithuania
Hap10083699 United States United States Lithuania Lithuania
Hap10083700 Morocco Morocco Morocco Morocco
Hap10083701 Norway Norway Norway Norway
Hap10083702 Norway Norway Norway Norway
Hap10083703 United States United States Norway Norway
Hap10083704 Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Puerto Rico
Hap10083705 United States United States Russia Russia
Hap10083706 Unspecified United States Russia Russia
Hap10083707 South Africa South Africa South Africa South Africa
Hap10083708 South Africa South Africa South Africa South Africa
Hap10083709 Spain Spain Spain Spain
Hap10083710 Sweden Sweden Sweden Sweden
Hap10083711 United States United States Ukraine Ukraine
Hap10083712 Australia Australia United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10083713 Canada Canada United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10083714 United States Canada United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10083715 Australia United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10083716 South Africa United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10083717 United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10083718 United States United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10083719 Germany United States United States United States
Hap10083720 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083721 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083722 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083723 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083724 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083725 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083726 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083727 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083728 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083729 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083730 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083731 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083732 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083733 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083734 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083735 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083736 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083737 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083738 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083739 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083740 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083741 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083742 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083743 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083744 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083745 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083746 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083747 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083748 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083749 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083750 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083751 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083752 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083753 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083754 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083755 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083756 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083757 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083758 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083759 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083760 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083761 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083762 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083763 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083764 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083765 United States United States Territories United States United States
Hap10083766 Canada Canada Unspecified Canada
Hap10083767 Canada Canada Unspecified Canada
Hap10083768 Bosnia and Herzegovina Croatia Unspecified Croatia
Hap10083769 United States Mexico Unspecified Mexico
Hap10083770 New Zealand New Zealand Unspecified New Zealand
Hap10083771 Zimbabwe South Africa Unspecified South Africa
Hap10083772 Canada United Kingdom Unspecified United Kingdom
Hap10083773 United Kingdom United Kingdom Unspecified United Kingdom
Hap10083774 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10083775 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10083776 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10083777 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10083778 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10083779 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10083780 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10083781 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10083782 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10083783 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10083784 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10083785 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10083786 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10083787 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10083788 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10083789 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10083790 Canada Unspecified Unspecified Canada
Hap10083791 New Zealand Unspecified Unspecified New Zealand
Hap10083792 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10083793 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10083794 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10083795 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10083796 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10083797 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10083798 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10083799 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10083800 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10083801 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083802 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083803 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083804 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083805 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083806 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083807 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083808 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083809 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083810 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083811 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083812 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083813 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083814 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083815 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083816 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083817 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083818 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083819 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083820 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083821 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083822 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083823 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083824 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083825 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083826 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083827 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083828 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083829 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083830 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083831 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083832 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083833 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083834 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083835 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083836 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083837 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083838 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083839 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083840 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083841 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083842 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083843 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083844 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083845 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083846 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083847 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083848 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083849 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083850 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083851 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083852 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083853 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083854 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083855 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083856 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083857 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083858 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083859 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083860 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083861 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083862 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083863 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083864 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083865 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083866 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083867 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083868 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083869 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083870 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083871 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083872 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083873 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083874 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083875 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083876 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083877 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083878 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083879 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083880 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083881 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083882 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083883 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083884 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083885 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083886 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083887 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083888 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083889 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083890 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083891 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083892 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083893 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083894 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083895 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083896 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083897 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083898 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083899 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083900 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083901 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083902 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083903 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083904 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083905 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083906 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083907 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083908 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083909 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083910 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083911 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083912 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083913 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083914 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083915 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083916 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083917 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083918 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083919 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083920 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083921 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083922 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083923 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083924 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083925 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083926 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083927 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083928 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083929 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083930 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083931 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083932 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083933 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083934 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

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The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|