U3a

Summary

Age: 14,818.8 ± 4,640.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C6518T A10506G C13934T G16390A
Parent Branch: U3
Descendant branch(s): U3a1 U3a2 U3a3

Background

Haplogroup U3a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 10,200 and 19,500 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 U3a 2294 4703 6518 9266 10506 13934 16390 16519 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 U3a 2294 4703 6518 9266 10506 13934 16390 16519 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 U3a 2294 4703 6518 9266 10506 13934 16390 Released 1 Mar 2009
05 U3a 2294 4703 6518 9266 10506 13934 16390 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 U3a 2294 4703 6518 9266 10506 13934 16390 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 U3a 2294 4703 6518 9266 10506 13934 16390 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 U3a 2294 4703 6518 9266 10506 13934 16390 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 U3a 2294 4703 6518 9266 10506 13934 16390 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 U3a 2294 4703 6518 9266 10506 13934 16390 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 U3a 2294 4703 6518 9266 10506 13934 16390 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 U3a 2294 4703 6518 9266 10506 13934 16390 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 U3a 6518 10506 13934 16390 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 U3a C6518T A10506G C13934T G16390A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 U3a C6518T A10506G C13934T G16390A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 U3a C6518T A10506G C13934T G16390A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 U3a C6518T A10506G C13934T G16390A Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5007876 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none U3a:315.1C, 456, 1292, 5899.1C, 11698, 16176, 16274, 16465
Hap5014032 Schönberg et al., 2011 U3a:150 U3a:310, 1838, 3324, 3585, 3745, 4371, 5978, 14308, 16221
Hap5021119 Derenko et al., 2013 U3a:146 U3a:309.1C, 315.1C, 4896, 5987, 7783, 8531, 11800
Hap5022075 Maca-Meyer et al., 2001 U3a:2294, 7256 U3a:315.1C, 523-524d, 867, 10352

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10083629 Canada Canada Germany Germany
Hap10083630 Norway Germany Germany Germany
Hap10083631 India India India India
Hap10083632 India India India India
Hap10083633 Iran Iran Iran Iran
Hap10083634 United States United States Italy Italy
Hap10083635 Pakistan Pakistan Pakistan Pakistan
Hap10083636 Turkey Turkey Turkey Turkey
Hap10083637 United States United States United States United States
Hap10083638 United States Turkey Unspecified Turkey
Hap10083639 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10083640 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10083641 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083642 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083643 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083644 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083645 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083646 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083647 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083648 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083649 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083650 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083651 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083652 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083653 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10083654 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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