U2d

Summary

Age: 20,780.9 ± 5,058.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T199C G263A T471C T1700C C4025T A8938G A11893G A14926G T16189C! C16294T
Parent Branch: U2
Descendant branch(s): U2d1 U2d2 U2d3

Background

Haplogroup U2d is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 15,700 and 25,800 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 U2d 1700 11893 13789 14926 16234 16294 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 U2d 1700 11893 13789 14926 16234 16294 Released 14 Oct 2008
05 U2d 471 1700 4025 11893 14926 16189 16294 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 U2d 471 1700 4025 11893 14926 16189 16294 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 U2d 471 1700 4025 11893 14926 16189 16294 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 U2d 471 1700 4025 11893 14926 16189 16294 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 U2d 471 1700 4025 11893 14926 16189 16294 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 U2d 471 1700 4025 11893 14926 16189 16294 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 U2d 471 1700 4025 11893 14926 16189 16294 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 U2d 471 1700 4025 11893 14926 16189 16294 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 U2d 199 263! 471 1700 4025 8938 11893 14926 16189 16294 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 U2d T199C G263A T471C T1700C C4025T A8938G A11893G A14926G T16189C! C16294T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 U2d T199C G263A T471C T1700C C4025T A8938G A11893G A14926G T16189C! C16294T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 U2d T199C G263A T471C T1700C C4025T A8938G A11893G A14926G T16189C! C16294T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 U2d T199C G263A T471C T1700C C4025T A8938G A11893G A14926G T16189C! C16294T Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10082463 United States United States Italy Italy
Hap10082464 United States United States Italy Italy
Hap10082465 United States Italy United States United States
Hap10082466 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10082467 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Keywords

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