U2b2

Summary

Age: 5,382.2 ± 3,421.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T152C! A234G G1888A C9094T A9614G T12793C T13656C G15930A T16209C C16239T T16352C C16353T
Parent Branch: U2b
Descendant branch(s):

Background

Haplogroup U2b2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 2,000 and 8,800 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
05 U2b2 152 234 1888 9094 9614 12793 13656 15930 16209 16239 16352 16353 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 U2b2 152 234 1888 9094 9614 12793 13656 15930 16209 16239 16352 16353 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 U2b2 152 234 1888 9094 9614 12793 13656 15930 16209 16239 16352 16353 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 U2b2 152 234 1888 9094 9614 12793 13656 15930 16209 16239 16352 16353 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 U2b2 152 234 1888 9094 9614 12793 13656 15930 16209 16239 16352 16353 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 U2b2 152 234 1888 9094 9614 12793 13656 15930 16209 16239 16352 16353 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 U2b2 152 234 1888 9094 9614 12793 13656 15930 16209 16239 16352 16353 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 U2b2 152 234 1888 9094 9614 12793 13656 15930 16209 16239 16352 16353 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 U2b2 152 234 1888 9094 9614 12793 13656 15930 16209 16239 16352 16353 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 U2b2 T152C! A234G G1888A C9094T A9614G T12793C T13656C G15930A T16209C C16239T T16352C C16353T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 U2b2 T152C! A234G G1888A C9094T A9614G T12793C T13656C G15930A T16209C C16239T T16352C C16353T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 U2b2 T152C! A234G G1888A C9094T A9614G T12793C T13656C G15930A T16209C C16239T T16352C C16353T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 U2b2 T152C! A234G G1888A C9094T A9614G T12793C T13656C G15930A T16209C C16239T T16352C C16353T Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5000064 Achilli et al., 2005 none U2b2:315.1C, 906, 7789, 16244, 16519
Hap5009272 Govindaraj et al., 2011 U2b2:1888 U2b2:309.1C, 315.1C, 3106N, 8860, 11092, 11719, 13135R, 16519
Hap5009277 Govindaraj et al., 2011 U2b2:1811, 1888 U2b2:309.1C, 315.1C, 1438, 1811T, 3106N, 3720, 3849, 6185, 7028, 11092, 14766, 16519
Hap5012084 Palanichamy et al., 2004 none U2b2:315.1C, 10124, 16188, 16519
Hap5012086 Palanichamy et al., 2004 none U2b2:315.1C, 4113, 9830, 16519
Hap5017840 Illeperuma et al., 2011 U2b2:16129 U2b2:150, 533, 11151, 12633, 13020, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10082372 Bangladesh Bangladesh Bangladesh Bangladesh
Hap10082373 Bangladesh India India India
Hap10082374 India India India India
Hap10082375 India India India India
Hap10082376 India India India India
Hap10082377 Tanzania India India India
Hap10082378 Thailand India India India
Hap10082379 United States India India India
Hap10082380 Pakistan Pakistan India India
Hap10082381 South Africa South Africa South Africa South Africa
Hap10082382 Zimbabwe Zimbabwe South Africa South Africa
Hap10082383 Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Sri Lanka
Hap10082384 United Kingdom Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Sri Lanka
Hap10082385 Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago
Hap10082386 Guyana Guyana Unspecified Guyana
Hap10082387 India India Unspecified India
Hap10082388 India India Unspecified India
Hap10082389 India India Unspecified India
Hap10082390 India India Unspecified India
Hap10082391 Tanzania Mozambique Unspecified Mozambique
Hap10082392 India Unspecified Unspecified India
Hap10082393 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10082394 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10082395 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10082396 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10082397 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10082398 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10082399 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10082400 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10082401 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10082402 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10082403 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10082404 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10082405 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10082406 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10082407 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10082408 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10082409 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10082410 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10082411 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10082412 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10082413 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10082414 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10082415 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10082416 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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