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U2b2

Summary

Age: 5,382.2 ± 3,421.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T152C! A234G G1888A C9094T A9614G T12793C T13656C G15930A T16209C C16239T T16352C C16353T
Parent Branch: U2b
Descendant branch(s):

Background

Haplogroup U2b2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 2,000 and 8,800 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build#CalledMutationsNotes
05U2b2152 234 1888 9094 9614 12793 13656 15930 16209 16239 16352 16353Released 8 Jul 2009
06U2b2152 234 1888 9094 9614 12793 13656 15930 16209 16239 16352 16353Released 28 Sep 2009
07U2b2152 234 1888 9094 9614 12793 13656 15930 16209 16239 16352 16353Released 10 Nov 2009
08U2b2152 234 1888 9094 9614 12793 13656 15930 16209 16239 16352 16353Released 21 Mar 2010
09U2b2152 234 1888 9094 9614 12793 13656 15930 16209 16239 16352 16353Released 20 Jun 2010
10U2b2152 234 1888 9094 9614 12793 13656 15930 16209 16239 16352 16353Released 10 Aug 2010
11U2b2152 234 1888 9094 9614 12793 13656 15930 16209 16239 16352 16353Released 7 Feb 2011
12U2b2152 234 1888 9094 9614 12793 13656 15930 16209 16239 16352 16353Released 20 Jul 2011
13U2b2152 234 1888 9094 9614 12793 13656 15930 16209 16239 16352 16353Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14U2b2T152C! A234G G1888A C9094T A9614G T12793C T13656C G15930A T16209C C16239T T16352C C16353TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15U2b2T152C! A234G G1888A C9094T A9614G T12793C T13656C G15930A T16209C C16239T T16352C C16353TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16U2b2T152C! A234G G1888A C9094T A9614G T12793C T13656C G15930A T16209C C16239T T16352C C16353TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17U2b2T152C! A234G G1888A C9094T A9614G T12793C T13656C G15930A T16209C C16239T T16352C C16353TReleased 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000064Achilli et al., 2005noneU2b2:315.1C, 906, 7789, 16244, 16519
Hap5009272Govindaraj et al., 2011U2b2:1888U2b2:309.1C, 315.1C, 3106N, 8860, 11092, 11719, 13135R, 16519
Hap5009277Govindaraj et al., 2011U2b2:1811, 1888U2b2:309.1C, 315.1C, 1438, 1811T, 3106N, 3720, 3849, 6185, 7028, 11092, 14766, 16519
Hap5012084Palanichamy et al., 2004noneU2b2:315.1C, 10124, 16188, 16519
Hap5012086Palanichamy et al., 2004noneU2b2:315.1C, 4113, 9830, 16519
Hap5017840Illeperuma et al., 2011U2b2:16129U2b2:150, 533, 11151, 12633, 13020, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10082372BangladeshBangladeshBangladeshBangladesh
Hap10082373BangladeshIndiaIndiaIndia
Hap10082374IndiaIndiaIndiaIndia
Hap10082375IndiaIndiaIndiaIndia
Hap10082376IndiaIndiaIndiaIndia
Hap10082377TanzaniaIndiaIndiaIndia
Hap10082378ThailandIndiaIndiaIndia
Hap10082379United StatesIndiaIndiaIndia
Hap10082380PakistanPakistanIndiaIndia
Hap10082381South AfricaSouth AfricaSouth AfricaSouth Africa
Hap10082382ZimbabweZimbabweSouth AfricaSouth Africa
Hap10082383Sri LankaSri LankaSri LankaSri Lanka
Hap10082384United KingdomSri LankaSri LankaSri Lanka
Hap10082385Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad and TobagoTrinidad and TobagoTrinidad and Tobago
Hap10082386GuyanaGuyanaUnspecifiedGuyana
Hap10082387IndiaIndiaUnspecifiedIndia
Hap10082388IndiaIndiaUnspecifiedIndia
Hap10082389IndiaIndiaUnspecifiedIndia
Hap10082390IndiaIndiaUnspecifiedIndia
Hap10082391TanzaniaMozambiqueUnspecifiedMozambique
Hap10082392IndiaUnspecifiedUnspecifiedIndia
Hap10082393UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10082394UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10082395UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10082396UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10082397UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10082398UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10082399UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10082400UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10082401UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10082402UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10082403UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10082404UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10082405UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10082406UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10082407UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10082408UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10082409UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10082410UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10082411UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10082412UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10082413UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10082414UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10082415UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10082416UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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