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Age: 9,590.4 ± 4,407.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G143A C4017T C7849T
Parent Branch: R9b1a
Descendant branch(s): R9b1a1a


Haplogroup R9b1a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 5,200 and 14,000 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

05R9b1a1143 4017 7849 16288Released 8 Jul 2009
06R9b1a1143 4017 7849 16288Released 28 Sep 2009
07R9b1a1143 4017 7849 16288Released 10 Nov 2009
08R9b1a1143 4017 7849 16288Released 21 Mar 2010
09R9b1a1143 4017 7849 16288Released 20 Jun 2010
10R9b1a1143 4017 7849 16288Released 10 Aug 2010
11R9b1a1143 4017 7849Released 7 Feb 2011
12R9b1a1143 4017 7849Released 20 Jul 2011
13R9b1a1143 4017 7849Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14R9b1a1G143A C4017T C7849TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15R9b1a1G143A C4017T C7849TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16R9b1a1G143A C4017T C7849TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17R9b1a1G143A C4017T C7849TReleased 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5017107Gunnarsdóttir et al., 2011anoneR9b1a1:257N, 310d, 523-524d, 709, 3798, 4219, 10652, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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