F2

Summary

Age: 18,330.6 ± 6,095.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T1005C T1824C A7828G T10535C G10586A T12338C G13708A
Parent Branch: F
Descendant branch(s): F2a F2b F2c F2d F2e F2f F2g F2h F2i

Background

Haplogroup F2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 12,200 and 24,400 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 F2 1005 1824 7828 10535 10586 12338 13708 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 F2 1005 1824 7828 10535 10586 12338 13708 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 F2 1005 1824 7828 10535 10586 12338 13708 Released 1 Mar 2009
05 F2 1005 1824 7828 10535 10586 12338 13708 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 F2 1005 1824 7828 10535 10586 12338 13708 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 F2 1005 1824 7828 10535 10586 12338 13708 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 F2 1005 1824 7828 10535 10586 12338 13708 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 F2 1005 1824 7828 10535 10586 12338 13708 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 F2 1005 1824 7828 10535 10586 12338 13708 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 F2 1005 1824 7828 10535 10586 12338 13708 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 F2 1005 1824 7828 10535 10586 12338 13708 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 F2 1005 1824 7828 10535 10586 12338 13708 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 F2 T1005C T1824C A7828G T10535C G10586A T12338C G13708A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 F2 T1005C T1824C A7828G T10535C G10586A T12338C G13708A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 F2 T1005C T1824C A7828G T10535C G10586A T12338C G13708A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 F2 T1005C T1824C A7828G T10535C G10586A T12338C G13708A Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5010222 Jiang et al., 2014 F2:152, 195 F2:275, 309.1C, 315.1C, 3753, 10084, 11323, 11410, 16221
Hap5011431 Ko et al., 2014 F2:152, 195, 249d F2:275, 3753, 5821, 9452, 10084, 11323, 11410, 16221
Hap5016446 Ji F et al., 2012 F2:195, 16189 F2:5744, 9612C, 10005, 11696, 14002, 14560, 15171, 15862, 16357, 16519
Hap5016765 Yu et al., 2010a F2:195 F2:315.1C, 3460, 9612C, 10005, 11696, 14002, 14560, 15862, 16519
Hap5022594 Zheng et al., 2011 F2:152, 195 F2:275, 3753, 10084, 11323, 11410, 16221

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10047185 China China China China
Hap10047186 China China China China
Hap10047187 United States China China China
Hap10047188 Singapore Singapore China China
Hap10047189 Canada Japan Japan Japan
Hap10047190 Canada Japan Japan Japan
Hap10047191 Japan Japan Japan Japan
Hap10047192 United States United States Japan Japan
Hap10047193 United States United States Japan Japan
Hap10047194 Singapore Singapore Singapore Singapore
Hap10047195 United States China Unspecified China
Hap10047196 United States China Unspecified China
Hap10047197 Unspecified China Unspecified China
Hap10047198 Japan Japan Unspecified Japan
Hap10047199 Japan Japan Unspecified Japan
Hap10047200 Thailand Thailand Unspecified Thailand
Hap10047201 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10047202 Russia Unspecified Unspecified Russia
Hap10047203 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10047204 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10047205 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10047206 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10047207 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10047208 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10047209 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10047210 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10047211 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10047212 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10047213 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10047214 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10047215 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10047216 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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