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Age: 6,303.1 ± 3,462.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C548T C10211T
Parent Branch: F1a1
Descendant branch(s): F1a1c1 F1a1c2 F1a1c3


Haplogroup F1a1c is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 2,800 and 9,800 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01F1a1c548 10211Released 27 Aug 2008
02F1a1c548 10211Released 14 Oct 2008
05F1a1c548 10211Released 8 Jul 2009
06F1a1c548 10211Released 28 Sep 2009
07F1a1c548 10211Released 10 Nov 2009
08F1a1c548 10211Released 21 Mar 2010
09F1a1c548 10211Released 20 Jun 2010
10F1a1c548 10211Released 10 Aug 2010
11F1a1c548 10211Released 7 Feb 2011
12F1a1c548 10211Released 20 Jul 2011
13F1a1c548 10211Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14F1a1cC548T C10211TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15F1a1cC548T C10211TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16F1a1cC548T C10211TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17F1a1cC548T C10211TReleased 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5009291Guo et al., 2012noneF1a1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 5471, 6011, 7270, 8875, 10394G, 14530
Hap5011316Ko et al., 2014F1a1c:249dF1a1c:200, 3640, 12026, 14983A
Hap5015097Tanaka et al., 2004F1a1c:152, 10609F1a1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3645, 6899
Hap5016985Wang CY et al., 2011noneF1a1c:315.1C, 523-524d, 13149, 16390N
Hap5016986Wang CY et al., 2011noneF1a1c:315.1C, 523-524d, 13149, 16390N
Hap5016987Wang CY et al., 2011noneF1a1c:315.1C, 523-524d, 13149, 16390N
Hap5017513Yang et al., 2012noneF1a1c:199, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 6287, 13431, 14560, 15466
Hap5022572Zheng et al., 2011noneF1a1c:523-524d, 10208, 11653, 15145

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10047023United StatesChinaChinaChina

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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