Age: 10,863.5 ± 2,990.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A16162G
Parent Branch: F1a1'4
Descendant branch(s): F1a1a F1a1b F1a1c F1a1d


Haplogroup F1a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 7,900 and 13,900 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 F1a1 9548 16162 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 F1a1 9548 16162 Released 14 Oct 2008
05 F1a1 9548 16162 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 F1a1 9548 16162 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 F1a1 9548 16162 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 F1a1 9548 16162 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 F1a1 9548 16162 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 F1a1 16162 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 F1a1 16162 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 F1a1 16162 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 F1a1 16162 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 F1a1 A16162G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 F1a1 A16162G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 F1a1 A16162G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 F1a1 A16162G Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5001616 Behar et al., 2012b F1a1:16189, 16304 F1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 4313, 16183C, 16497
Hap5012189 Phan et al., 2006a F1a1:249d F1a1:94, 263, 269G, 523-524d, 3676C, 4646, 6961, 7990, 8069, 8281-8289d, 8379, 8409G, 9217, 12715, 14766, 14791G, 14879, 14953, 15189C
Hap5014990 Tanaka et al., 2004 none F1a1:94, 315.1C, 437, 523-524d, 1310, 12715
Hap5015229 Tanaka et al., 2004 none F1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 10043
Hap5015584 Zholdybayeva et al., 2011 F1a1:249d, 3970, 4086 F1a1:263, 523-524d, 9987A, 16497, 16569.1GAT
Hap5016235 Ji Y et al., 2008 none F1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 4216, 5483, 6527, 8507, 8545, 8839, 11778, 16148, 16244, 16335
Hap5018178 Liu et al., 2012 none F1a1:315.1C, 515, 523-524d, 3540, 5322C, 13260, 16129
Hap5018271 Liu et al., 2012 none F1a1:315.1C, 515, 523-524d, 3540, 5322C, 13260, 16129
Hap5022566 Zheng et al., 2011 none F1a1:251, 523-524d, 4967, 10463, 12630, 16335

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10046945 China China China China
Hap10046946 China China China China
Hap10046947 United States United States China China
Hap10046948 United States United States China China
Hap10046949 Unspecified United States China China
Hap10046950 Thailand Thailand Thailand Thailand
Hap10046951 Taiwan Unspecified Unspecified Taiwan
Hap10046952 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046953 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046954 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046955 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046956 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046957 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046958 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046959 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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