Age: 18,730.0 ± 4,424.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C4086T T16172C
Parent Branch: F1a'c'f
Descendant branch(s): F1a1'4 F1a2 F1a3


Haplogroup F1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 14,300 and 23,200 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 F1a 4086 16172 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 F1a 4086 16172 Released 14 Oct 2008
05 F1a 4086 16172 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 F1a 4086 16172 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 F1a 4086 16172 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 F1a 4086 16172 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 F1a 4086 16172 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 F1a 4086 16172 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 F1a 4086 16172 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 F1a 4086 16172 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 F1a 4086 16172 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 F1a C4086T T16172C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 F1a C4086T T16172C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 F1a C4086T T16172C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 F1a C4086T T16172C Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5022564 Zheng et al., 2011 none F1a:523-524d, 4695, 7372, 10604, 16141

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10046936 Canada China China China
Hap10046937 China China China China
Hap10046938 China Unspecified Unspecified China
Hap10046939 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046940 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046941 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046942 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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