Ads and affiliate links like this help support the Q-M242 project's efforts to test indigenous peoples. Please read the affiliateship and business disclaimers for details. You may also donate directly here.



Age: 23,123.4 ± 5,246.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G9053A G13759A G16129A!
Parent Branch: F1
Descendant branch(s): F1a F1c F1f


Haplogroup F1a'c'f is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 17,900 and 28,400 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01F1a'c9053 13759 16129Released 27 Aug 2008
02F1a'c9053 13759 16129Released 14 Oct 2008
05F1a'c9053 13759 16129Released 8 Jul 2009
06F1a'c9053 13759 16129Released 28 Sep 2009
07F1a'c9053 13759 16129Released 10 Nov 2009
08F1a'c9053 13759 16129Released 21 Mar 2010
09F1a'c9053 13759 16129Released 20 Jun 2010
10F1a'c9053 13759 16129Released 10 Aug 2010
11F1a'c9053 13759 16129Released 7 Feb 2011
12F1a'c9053 13759 16129Released 20 Jul 2011
13F1a'c'f9053 13759 16129Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14F1a'c'fG9053A G13759A G16129A!Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15F1a'c'fG9053A G13759A G16129A!Released 30 Sep 2012
16F1a'c'fG9053A G13759A G16129A!Released 19 Feb 2014
17F1a'c'fG9053A G13759A G16129A!Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10046943United StatesTaiwanTaiwanTaiwan
Hap10046944United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


Peoples: | Places:

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|