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Age: 9,327.7 ± 4,328.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G11914A!
Parent Branch: R8a1a1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup R8a1a1c is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 5,000 and 13,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

06R8a1a1c11914Released 28 Sep 2009
07R8a1a1c11914Released 10 Nov 2009
08R8a1a1c11914Released 21 Mar 2010
09R8a1a1c11914Released 20 Jun 2010
10R8a1a1c11914Released 10 Aug 2010
11R8a1a1c11914Released 7 Feb 2011
12R8a1a1c11914Released 20 Jul 2011
13R8a1a1c11914Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14R8a1a1cG11914A!Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15R8a1a1cG11914A!Released 30 Sep 2012
16R8a1a1cG11914A!Released 19 Feb 2014
17R8a1a1cG11914A!Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5016314Thangaraj et al., 2009noneR8a1a1c:310, 13563, 13708
Hap5016327Thangaraj et al., 2009noneR8a1a1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 9103, 9532G, 15110, 16362
Hap5016328Thangaraj et al., 2009noneR8a1a1c:310, 6261, 6734, 8446, 13708
Hap5016338Thangaraj et al., 2009noneR8a1a1c:150, 315.1C, 3368, 5004, 5359, 6305, 7269, 15327
Hap5017033Sharma et al., 2012R8a1a1c:13782R8a1a1c:150, 4775, 5004, 6305, 13712, 14927C, 15327

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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