Age: 9,419.6 ± 3,515.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G12406A T13674C
Parent Branch: R7a
Descendant branch(s): R7a1a R7a1b


Haplogroup R7a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 5,900 and 12,900 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 R7a1 12406 13674 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 R7a1 12406 13674 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 R7a1 12406 13674 Released 1 Mar 2009
05 R7a1 12406 13674 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 R7a1 12406 13674 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 R7a1 12406 13674 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 R7a1 12406 13674 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 R7a1 12406 13674 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 R7a1 12406 13674 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 R7a1 12406 13674 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 R7a1 12406 13674 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 R7a1 12406 13674 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 R7a1 G12406A T13674C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 R7a1 G12406A T13674C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 R7a1 G12406A T13674C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 R7a1 G12406A T13674C Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5006447 Chaubey et al., 2008 R7a1:195 R7a1:8573, 14870, 16188, 16519
Hap5006477 Chaubey et al., 2008 none R7a1:2706, 16519
Hap5017048 Sharma G et al., 2012 R7a1:7870 R7a1:10915, 14766, 16519
Hap5019574 Khan et al., 2014 R7a1:195 R7a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 1722, 1790, 2247, 2719, 11778, 15586, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10072936 India India India India
Hap10072937 South Africa South Africa Mauritius Mauritius
Hap10072938 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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