Age: 3,390.6 ± 3,270.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A6629G
Parent Branch: R5a2b
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup R5a2b1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 100 and 6,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 R5a2b1 6629 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 R5a2b1 6629 Released 14 Oct 2008
05 R5a2b1 6629 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 R5a2b1 6629 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 R5a2b1 6629 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 R5a2b1 6629 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 R5a2b1 6629 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 R5a2b1 6629 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 R5a2b1 6629 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 R5a2b1 6629 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 R5a2b1 6629 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 R5a2b1 A6629G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 R5a2b1 A6629G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 R5a2b1 A6629G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 R5a2b1 A6629G Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5022190 Palanichamy et al., 2004 R5a2b1:16309 R5a2b1:315.1C, 523-524d
Hap5022192 Palanichamy et al., 2004 none R5a2b1:315.1C, 523-524d
Hap5022198 Palanichamy et al., 2004 none R5a2b1:315.1C, 523-524d, 7686
Hap5022201 Palanichamy et al., 2004 none R5a2b1:315.1C, 523-524d, 14266, 16147

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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