R31b

Summary

Age: 14,176.7 ± 6,086.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G207A G228A A234G A1309G T1452C T2763C G3849A G3882A T5503C T6827C A7046G T8400C A8988G G12007A G12651A T14488C G15148A A16051G T16093C T16189C! C16218T C16292T
Parent Branch: R31
Descendant branch(s):

Background

Haplogroup R31b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 8,100 and 20,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 R31b 207 228 234 1309 1452 2763 3849 3882 5503 6827 7046 8400 8988 12007 12651 14488 15148 16051 16093 16189 16218 16292 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 R31b 207 228 234 1309 1452 2763 3849 3882 5503 6827 7046 8400 8988 12007 12651 14488 15148 16051 16093 16189 16218 16292 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 R31b 207 228 234 1309 1452 2763 3849 3882 5503 6827 7046 8400 8988 12007 12651 14488 15148 16051 16093 16189 16218 16292 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 R31b 207 228 234 1309 1452 2763 3849 3882 5503 6827 7046 8400 8988 12007 12651 14488 15148 16051 16093 16189 16218 16292 Released 10 May 2009
05 R31b 207 228 234 1309 1452 2763 3849 3882 5503 6827 7046 8400 8988 12007 12651 14488 15148 16051 16093 16189 16218 16292 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 R31b 207 228 234 1309 1452 2763 3849 3882 5503 6827 7046 8400 8988 12007 12651 14488 15148 16051 16093 16189 16218 16292 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 R31b 207 228 234 1309 1452 2763 3849 3882 5503 6827 7046 8400 8988 12007 12651 14488 15148 16051 16093 16189 16218 16292 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 R31b 207 228 234 1309 1452 2763 3849 3882 5503 6827 7046 8400 8988 12007 12651 14488 15148 16051 16093 16189 16218 16292 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 R31b 207 228 234 1309 1452 2763 3849 3882 5503 6827 7046 8400 8988 12007 12651 14488 15148 16051 16093 16189 16218 16292 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 R31b 207 228 234 1309 1452 2763 3849 3882 5503 6827 7046 8400 8988 12007 12651 14488 15148 16051 16093 16189 16218 16292 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 R31b 207 228 234 1309 1452 2763 3849 3882 5503 6827 7046 8400 8988 12007 12651 14488 15148 16051 16093 16189 16218 16292 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 R31b 207 228 234 1309 1452 2763 3849 3882 5503 6827 7046 8400 8988 12007 12651 14488 15148 16051 16093 16189 16218 16292 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 R31b 207 228 234 1309 1452 2763 3849 3882 5503 6827 7046 8400 8988 12007 12651 14488 15148 16051 16093 16189 16218 16292 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 R31b G207A G228A A234G A1309G T1452C T2763C G3849A G3882A T5503C T6827C A7046G T8400C A8988G G12007A G12651A T14488C G15148A A16051G T16093C T16189C! C16218T C16292T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 R31b G207A G228A A234G A1309G T1452C T2763C G3849A G3882A T5503C T6827C A7046G T8400C A8988G G12007A G12651A T14488C G15148A A16051G T16093C T16189C! C16218T C16292T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 R31b G207A G228A A234G A1309G T1452C T2763C G3849A G3882A T5503C T6827C A7046G T8400C A8988G G12007A G12651A T14488C G15148A A16051G T16093C T16189C! C16218T C16292T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 R31b G207A G228A A234G A1309G T1452C T2763C G3849A G3882A T5503C T6827C A7046G T8400C A8988G G12007A G12651A T14488C G15148A A16051G T16093C T16189C! C16218T C16292T Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5012105 Palanichamy et al., 2004 none R31b:204, 249d, 309.1C, 315.1C, 3533, 5461, 16182C, 16183C, 16438, 16519
Hap5012107 Palanichamy et al., 2004 R31b:195, 16278, 16362 R31b:153, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 1811, 10685, 11272, 16182C, 16183C, 16320, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10072856 Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Sri Lanka
Hap10072857 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10072858 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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