R2

Summary

Age: 13,719.0 ± 6,934.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T152C! G4769A T7657C T8473C G9932A G10685A A12654G G14305A C16071T
Parent Branch: R
Descendant branch(s): R2a R2b R2c R2d

Background

Haplogroup R2 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 R2 152 7657 8473 9932 10685 12654 13500 14305 16071 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 R2 152 7657 8473 9932 10685 12654 13500 14305 16071 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 R2 152 7657 8473 9932 10685 12654 13500 14305 16071 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 R2 152 7657 8473 9932 10685 12654 13500 14305 16071 Released 10 May 2009
05 R2 152 7657 8473 9932 10685 12654 13500 14305 16071 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 R2 152 7657 8473 9932 10685 12654 13500 14305 16071 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 R2 152 7657 8473 9932 10685 12654 13500 14305 16071 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 R2 152 7657 8473 9932 10685 12654 13500 14305 16071 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 R2 152 7657 8473 9932 10685 12654 13500 14305 16071 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 R2 152 7657 8473 9932 10685 12654 13500 14305 16071 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 R2 152 4769! 7657 8473 9932 10685 12654 13500 14305 16071 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 R2 152 4769! 7657 8473 9932 10685 12654 13500 14305 16071 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 R2 152 4769! 7657 8473 9932 10685 12654 13500 14305 16071 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 R2 T152C! G4769A T7657C T8473C G9932A G10685A A12654G T13500C G14305A C16071T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 R2 T152C! G4769A T7657C T8473C G9932A G10685A A12654G T13500C G14305A C16071T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 R2 T152C! G4769A T7657C T8473C G9932A G10685A A12654G T13500C G14305A C16071T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 R2 T152C! G4769A T7657C T8473C G9932A G10685A A12654G G14305A C16071T Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5005439 Bertolin et al., 2011 R2:195, 10873 R2:312N, 6182, 11379N, 16172, 16320
Hap5009365 Hartmann et al., 2008 R2:146 R2:309.1C, 315.1C, 8143, 13434, 13914A
Hap5012066 Palanichamy et al., 2004 R2:195 R2:151, 315.1C, 8513Y, 12414, 14020, 16126, 16261
Hap5020849 Derenko et al., 2013 R2:195 R2:309.1C, 315.1C, 8143, 13434, 13914A
Hap5020888 Derenko et al., 2013 R2:13500, 16311 R2:150, 246, 309.1C, 315.1C, 1709, 4164, 5773, 8027, 8965, 11002, 12945, 13080, 14034, 15323, 15850, 16111, 16124, 16274
Hap5020906 Derenko et al., 2013 none R2:309.1C, 315.1C, 8143, 13434, 13914A
Hap5020943 Derenko et al., 2013 R2:8701 R2:315.1C
Hap5020948 Derenko et al., 2013 R2:13500 R2:309.1CC, 315.1C, 961, 3588, 13392, 13827T, 15226C, 15784, 15930, 16192A, 16207, 16325
Hap5021054 Derenko et al., 2013 none R2:309.1C, 315.1C, 8143, 13434, 13914A, 16124
Hap5021064 Derenko et al., 2013 none R2:309.1C, 315.1C, 8143, 13434, 13914A
Hap5021110 Derenko et al., 2013 R2:13500, 16311 R2:150, 246, 309.1C, 315.1C, 1709, 4164, 5773, 8027, 8965, 11002, 12945, 13080, 14034, 15323, 15850, 16111, 16124, 16274
Hap5021196 Derenko et al., 2013 none R2:309.1C, 315.1C, 6353, 8143, 13434, 13914A

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10072766 United Kingdom Cyprus Cyprus Cyprus
Hap10072767 Iran Iran Iran Iran
Hap10072768 Syria Syria Syria Syria
Hap10072769 Turkey Turkey Turkey Turkey
Hap10072770 Poland Poland Ukraine Ukraine
Hap10072771 Brazil Unspecified Unspecified Brazil
Hap10072772 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10072773 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10072774 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10072775 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10072776 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10072777 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10072778 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10072779 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10072780 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10072781 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10072782 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Keywords

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