Age: 2,130.3 ± 1,976.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: The Caucasus
Mutations: G6261A
Parent Branch: R1a1a1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup R1a1a1a is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity. Its age is unclear. It must though be younger than its parent that is at most 4,100 years old (Behar et al., 2012b). Like its parent branch, it likely was born in the Caucasus region.

The three members of this line in published research are all from European Russia (Malyarchuk et al., 2008a). Geno 2 data does not include members of the lineage.

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 R1a1a 6261 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 R1a1a 6261 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 R1a1a 6261 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 R1a1a 6261 Released 10 May 2009
05 R1a1a 6261 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 R1a1a 6261 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 R1a1a 6261 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 R1a1a 6261 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 R1a1a 6261 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 R1a1a 6261 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 R1a1a1 6261 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 R1a1a1 6261 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 R1a1a1 6261 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 R1a1a1 G6261A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 R1a1a1 G6261A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 R1a1a1a G6261A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 R1a1a1a G6261A Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5015898 Malyarchuk et al., 2008a none R1a1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 14968
Hap5015899 Malyarchuk et al., 2008a none R1a1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 16090
Hap5016064 Malyarchuk et al., 2008a none R1a1a1a:315.1C, 645.1A

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: August 1, 2016 at 14:28 pm


Peoples: Russians | Places: Russia and The Caucasus

2016-08-01T14:28:28+00:00 June 6th, 2016|