R1a1a

Summary

Age: 7,046.0 ± 2,334.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: The Caucasus
Mutations: A5378G
Parent Branch: R1a1
Descendant branch(s): R1a1a1 R1a1a2

Background

Haplogroup R1a1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,700 and 6,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Published literature only has a handful of people who belong to this line but not one of its daughter lines. The two citizen science donated samples do not have demographic information (Behar et al., 2012b). Two samples come from Fedorova et al., 2013. One is Italian and the other Assyrian. There is a member of this lineage in a study of the maternal origins of India (Palanichamy et al., 2004).

Geno 2 data includes people from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Netherlands, Poland, and Spain. There are also many participants from the United States with European maternal origins.

Like its parent, this line was likely born in the Caucasus region. From there, its spread has been mostly north and west into Europe. Although it has been suggested that the Indian sample in Palanichamy et al., 2004 marks the spread of R1a lineages to India. Because this line is found in the Netherlands and perhaps further west, it is possible that the line was cared to India during the recent colonial period.

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
11 R1a1 5378 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 R1a1 5378 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 R1a1 5378 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 R1a1 A5378G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 R1a1 A5378G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 R1a1a A5378G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 R1a1a A5378G Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5004653 Behar et al., 2012b R1a1a:16189 R1a1a:204, 207, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 12900, 16183C
Hap5004919 Behar et al., 2012b none R1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 15326
Hap5008667 Fedorova et al., 2013 none R1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 14927T
Hap5008674 Fedorova et al., 2013 none R1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 3204
Hap5012104 Palanichamy et al., 2004 none R1a1a:315.1C, 3337, 12064, 14323, 16176

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10072672 Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina
Hap10072673 Netherlands Netherlands Netherlands Netherlands
Hap10072674 United States United States Poland Poland
Hap10072675 United States United States Poland Poland
Hap10072676 Spain Spain Spain Spain
Hap10072677 United States United States United States United States
Hap10072678 United States United States United States United States
Hap10072679 United States United States United States United States
Hap10072680 United States United States United States United States
Hap10072681 United States United States United States United States
Hap10072682 United States United States United States United States
Hap10072683 United States United States United States United States
Hap10072684 Unspecified United States United States United States
Hap10072685 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10072686 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10072687 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10072688 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10072689 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10072690 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10072691 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10072692 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10072693 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10072694 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10072695 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10072696 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10072697 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10072698 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10072699 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10072700 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10072701 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10072702 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

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Last updated: August 1, 2016 at 14:59 pm

Keywords

Peoples: | Places: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, and Spain

2016-08-01T14:59:24+00:00 June 6th, 2016|