Age: 7,461.0 ± 5,789.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T9128C
Parent Branch: R0a2
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup R0a2g is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,700 and 13,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
10 R0a2g 9128 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 R0a2g 9128 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 R0a2g 9128 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 R0a2g 9128 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 R0a2g T9128C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 R0a2g T9128C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 R0a2g T9128C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 R0a2g T9128C Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5017394 Černý et al., 2011 R0a2g:152 R0a2g:315.1C, 6663, 7679
Hap5017445 Černý et al., 2011 R0a2g:58, 60.1T R0a2g:309.1C, 315.1C, 6305, 10972
Hap5017447 Černý et al., 2011 R0a2g:58 R0a2g:309.1C, 315.1C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10072534 Sudan Sudan Sudan Sudan
Hap10072535 Kenya Eritrea Unspecified Eritrea
Hap10072536 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10072537 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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