R0a2

Summary

Age: 14,149.8 ± 2,387.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A2355G
Parent Branch: R0a
Descendant branch(s): R0a2a R0a2b R0a2c R0a2d R0a2e R0a2f R0a2g R0a2h R0a2i R0a2j R0a2k R0a2l R0a2m R0a2n

Background

Haplogroup R0a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 11,800 and 16,500 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
04 R0a2 2355 15674 Released 10 May 2009
05 R0a2 2355 15674 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 R0a2 2355 15674 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 R0a2 2355 15674 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 R0a2 2355 15674 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 R0a2 2355 15674 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 R0a2 2355 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 R0a2 2355 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 R0a2 2355 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 R0a2 2355 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 R0a2 A2355G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 R0a2 A2355G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 R0a2 A2355G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 R0a2 A2355G Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5017411 Černý et al., 2011 R0a2:58, 60.1T R0a2:61, 62C, 63G, 66T, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 15924, 16168, 16266
Hap5017413 Černý et al., 2011 R0a2:195 R0a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 3316, 5036, 11337, 12715, 16519
Hap5017415 Černý et al., 2011 none R0a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 8084, 8599A, 13449, 13651, 16519
Hap5017425 Černý et al., 2011 R0a2:152 R0a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 3618, 3745, 3764, 5237, 8541, 9081, 16309, 16519
Hap5017435 Černý et al., 2011 R0a2:58 R0a2:93, 315.1C, 438, 523-524d, 1888, 8567, 15924, 16093, 16168, 16266, 16519
Hap5017442 Černý et al., 2011 none R0a2:267, 309.1C, 315.1C, 3705, 4997, 9921, 16519
Hap5017443 Černý et al., 2011 R0a2:16189 R0a2:189, 309.1C, 315.1C, 3434, 7191, 8107, 12634, 16183C
Hap5017449 Černý et al., 2011 R0a2:58, 60.1T, 16189 R0a2:309.1CC, 315.1C, 10361
Hap5018079 Achilli et al., 2011 R0a2:11914 R0a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 3447, 15626, 16266, 16519
Hap5018080 Achilli et al., 2011 R0a2:11914 R0a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 3447, 15626, 16266, 16519
Hap5018081 Achilli et al., 2011 R0a2:11914 R0a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 3447, 15626, 16266, 16519
Hap5019357 Cardoso et al., 2013 R0a2:152, 16126, 16311 R0a2:151, 309.1C, 315.1C, 12777, 14110, 16114
Hap5020942 Derenko et al., 2013 R0a2:11914 R0a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 6249, 16266, 16519
Hap5022200 Palanichamy et al., 2004 R0a2:58 R0a2:309.1CC, 315.1C, 8705, 11152, 12408, 12951, 16243

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10072479 New Zealand New Zealand New Zealand New Zealand
Hap10072480 United States United States United States United States
Hap10072481 United States United States United States United States
Hap10072482 Unspecified Dominican Republic Unspecified Dominican Republic
Hap10072483 Algeria Iraq Unspecified Iraq
Hap10072484 South Africa South Africa Unspecified South Africa
Hap10072485 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10072486 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10072487 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10072488 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10072489 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10072490 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10072491 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10072492 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10072493 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10072494 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10072495 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

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Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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