Age: 12,000.6 ± 4,616.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C1715T C16069T
Parent Branch: HV4
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup HV4b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 7,400 and 16,600 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
12 HV4b 1715 16069 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 HV4b 1715 16069 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 HV4b C1715T C16069T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 HV4b C1715T C16069T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 HV4b C1715T C16069T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 HV4b C1715T C16069T Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5013992 Schönberg et al., 2011 none HV4b:310, 1760, 4375, 9053, 12557, 16519
Hap5015889 Malyarchuk et al., 2008a none HV4b:207, 309.1C, 315.1C, 709, 7278, 12950, 15777, 15910, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10008279 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10031862 United States United States Italy Italy

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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