Ads and affiliate links like this help support the Q-M242 project's efforts to test indigenous peoples. Please read the affiliateship and business disclaimers for details. You may also donate directly here.



Age: 2,649.7 ± 3,214.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A4227G G9554A
Parent Branch: HV1a1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup HV1a1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 5,900 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01HV1a1a4227Released 27 Aug 2008
02HV1a1a4227Released 14 Oct 2008
04HV1a1a524.1AC 4227 (9554)Released 10 May 2009
05HV1a1a524.1AC 4227 (9554)Released 8 Jul 2009
06HV1a1a524.1AC 4227 (9554)Released 28 Sep 2009
07HV1a1a524.1AC 4227 (9554)Released 10 Nov 2009
08HV1a1a524.1AC 4227 (9554)Released 21 Mar 2010
09HV1a1a524.1AC 4227 (9554)Released 20 Jun 2010
10HV1a1a4227 9554Released 10 Aug 2010
11HV1a1a4227 9554Released 7 Feb 2011
12HV1a1a4227 9554Released 20 Jul 2011
13HV1a1a4227 9554Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14HV1a1aA4227G G9554AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15HV1a1aA4227G G9554AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16HV1a1aA4227G G9554AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17HV1a1aA4227G G9554AReleased 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000402Behar et al., 2008anoneHV1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 4257, 16519
Hap5007739Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016HV1a1a:73HV1a1a:315.1C, 15610R, 16519
Hap5008308Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneHV1a1a:249d, 315.1C, 4688, 8278.1XC, 16519
Hap5018046Musilová et al., 2011HV1a1a:8277HV1a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 6779, 8281-8289d, 13392, 16519
Hap5018047Musilová et al., 2011HV1a1a:8277HV1a1a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 6779, 8281-8289d, 13392, 16519
Hap5018048Musilová et al., 2011HV1a1a:8277HV1a1a:315.1C, 6779, 8281-8289d, 15617
Hap5021109Derenko et al., 2013noneHV1a1a:249d, 315.1C, 4688, 8278.1XC, 16092, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10005016UnspecifiedUnited StatesPolandPoland
Hap10010661United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


Peoples: | Places:

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|