Age: 5,030.3 ± 3,177.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G8584A C16256T
Parent Branch: V
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup V20 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,900 and 8,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
14 V20 G8584A C16256T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 V20 G8584A C16256T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 V20 G8584A C16256T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 V20 G8584A C16256T Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5004061 Behar et al., 2012b none V20:315.1C, 6480, 15926, 15930T, 16294, 16519
Hap5004526 Behar et al., 2012b V20:152 V20:309.1C, 315.1C, 10065, 16316, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10097108 Unspecified Canada Norway Norway
Hap10097109 Norway Norway Norway Norway
Hap10097110 United States United States United States United States
Hap10097111 United States United States United States United States
Hap10097112 United States United States United States United States
Hap10097113 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10097114 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10097115 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10097116 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10097117 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10097118 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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