Age: 8,003.8 ± 2,076.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A13105G!
Parent Branch: V
Descendant branch(s): V2a V2b V2c


Haplogroup V2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 5,900 and 10,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 V2 13105 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 V2 13105 Released 14 Oct 2008
04 V2 13105 Released 10 May 2009
05 V2 13105 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 V2 13105 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 V2 13105 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 V2 13105 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 V2 13105 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 V2 13105 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 V2 13105 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 V2 13105 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 V2 13105 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 V2 A13105G! Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 V2 A13105G! Released 30 Sep 2012
16 V2 A13105G! Released 19 Feb 2014
17 V2 A13105G! Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5001615 Behar et al., 2012b none V2:309.1C, 315.1C, 8839, 13350, 16124, 16362, 16519
Hap5003005 Behar et al., 2012b none V2:309.1CC, 315.1C, 11149, 15244, 16124, 16295, 16362, 16519
Hap5005016 Behar et al., 2012b none V2:309.1C, 315.1C, 14914, 15746, 16519
Hap5009096 Gasparre et al., 2007 none V2:315.1C, 2124, 5985, 7814R, 10410, 15843Y, 16519
Hap5023654 Howell et al., 2003 V2:152, 16311 V2:11778, 16259, 16519
Hap5023655 Zheng et al., 2012 none V2:64, 13527, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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