Age: 4,528.6 ± 3,263.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G7356A G7521A!
Parent Branch: H4a1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup H4a1d is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,300 and 7,800 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
14 H4a1d G7356A G7521A! Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 H4a1d G7356A G7521A! Released 30 Sep 2012
16 H4a1d G7356A G7521A! Released 19 Feb 2014
17 H4a1d G7356A G7521A! Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5004006 Behar et al., 2012b none H4a1d:309.1C, 315.1C, 6719, 15148, 16051, 16354, 16519
Hap5009023 Fraumene et al., 2006 none H4a1d:16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10003820 United States United States Ireland Ireland
Hap10003966 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10004879 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10006824 United States Argentina Argentina Argentina
Hap10012782 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10018993 Italy Italy Italy Italy
Hap10030654 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10030814 United States United States Italy Italy

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


Peoples: | Places:

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|