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H4a1a4b

Summary

Age: 3,482.5 ± 1,634.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A12642G G15884A
Parent Branch: H4a1a4
Descendant branch(s): H4a1a4b1 H4a1a4b2

Background

Haplogroup H4a1a4b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,800 and 5,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build#CalledMutationsNotes
14H4a1a4bA12642G G15884AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
16H4a1a4bA12642G G15884AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17H4a1a4bA12642G G15884AReleased 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000771Behar et al., 2012anoneH4a1a4b:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5001538Behar et al., 2012bnoneH4a1a4b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 7397, 8400, 16519
Hap5001719Behar et al., 2012bnoneH4a1a4b:315.1C, 523-524d, 12741Y, 16519Y
Hap5001820Behar et al., 2012bnoneH4a1a4b:315.1C, 523-524d, 15172R, 16519
Hap5002018Behar et al., 2012bnoneH4a1a4b:315.1C, 523-524d, 573.1XC, 16519
Hap5002268Behar et al., 2012bnoneH4a1a4b:315.1C, 523-524d, 10972, 16519
Hap5002489Behar et al., 2012bnoneH4a1a4b:315.1C, 523-524d, 7984R, 8583, 16519
Hap5002553Behar et al., 2012bnoneH4a1a4b:315.1C, 523-524d, 629, 16519
Hap5003081Behar et al., 2012bnoneH4a1a4b:315.1C, 523-524d, 7080, 16519
Hap5004606Behar et al., 2012bnoneH4a1a4b:315.1C, 523-524d, 9977, 14484, 16519
Hap5005010Behar et al., 2012bnoneH4a1a4b:315.1C, 523-524d, 13471, 16519
Hap5005096Behar et al., 2012bnoneH4a1a4b:93, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5007322Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneH4a1a4b:315.1C, 523-524d, 8583, 16519
Hap5007908Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneH4a1a4b:200, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5007929Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneH4a1a4b:315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5009633Herrnstadt et al., 2002H4a1a4b:73, 146, 152, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16311H4a1a4b:1-576d, 16024-16569d
Hap5012617Raule et al., 2014H4a1a4b:16311H4a1a4b:315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5012817Raule et al., 2014noneH4a1a4b:315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5013165Raule et al., 2014noneH4a1a4b:315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5013224Raule et al., 2014noneH4a1a4b:315.1C, 523-524d, 9033, 16519
Hap5013613Raule et al., 2014noneH4a1a4b:315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5022814Zheng et al., 2012noneH4a1a4b:16519
Hap5022815Zheng et al., 2012noneH4a1a4b:7091, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10000317UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10000336UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10000398UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10000612UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10000895UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10000993UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10001060UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10001191United StatesGermanyUnspecifiedGermany
Hap10001686UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10001924UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10002143UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10002437UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10002590UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10002856United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10003060IrelandIrelandIrelandIreland
Hap10003293AustraliaAustraliaAustraliaAustralia
Hap10003465United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10003493United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10003680United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10003870UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10004038UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10004405United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10004542UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10004556United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10004667UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10005010UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10005198UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10005573UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10005582CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10005732United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10005776United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10005835United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10006047United StatesUnited StatesNorwayNorway
Hap10006133UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10006194UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10006368UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10007297UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10007436United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10007574United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10007708UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10007843United StatesUnited StatesSwedenSweden
Hap10008012UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10008116UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10008269UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10008399UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10008428UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10008445UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10008581United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10009280UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10009288UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10009299UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10009566SwitzerlandUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10009599UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10010658UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10010675United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10010858UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10011087UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10011196United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10011915United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10011967UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10012250UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10012331United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10012535UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10012811UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10012893UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10013183United StatesNorwayUnspecifiedNorway
Hap10013257UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10013312AustraliaAustraliaAustraliaAustralia
Hap10013556UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10013735UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10013783UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10014047United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10014105UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10014345UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10014506UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10015023UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10015084UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10015195UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10015767UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10015982UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10016180United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10016312United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10016375UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10016443UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10016458UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10016891United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10016921United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10016964UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10016995UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10017049UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10017127UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10017399UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10017691UnspecifiedUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10017711PortugalUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10017852UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10017936UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10018047UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10018390UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10018570UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10018687United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10018728United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10019002UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10019305UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10019373UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10019497United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10019663UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10019752ItalyItalyItalyItaly
Hap10020004UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10020084UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10020119UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10020183UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10020207UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10020543UnspecifiedGermanyGermanyGermany
Hap10020655UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10020702UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10020799United StatesUnited StatesSwedenSweden
Hap10021066UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10021408UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10021609UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10021715UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10021753UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10021829UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10021972UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10022033UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10022485UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10023106United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10023522UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10023546UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10023752United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10023928United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10024237United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10024262UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10024298UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10024449United StatesUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10024580United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10024885United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10025445United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10025662UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10025780UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10025920UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10026015United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10027078UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10027102UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10027104UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10027111UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10027389UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10027520UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10027684UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10027751DenmarkDenmarkDenmarkDenmark
Hap10027952UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10028154United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10028747United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10028871United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10029032UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10029324United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10029329UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10029459UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10029605United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10030025United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10030172UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10030735United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10031134United StatesUnited StatesPolandPoland
Hap10031502United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10032192UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10032209UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10032284UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10032485United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10032556United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10032559UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10032755FranceUnspecifiedUnspecifiedFrance
Hap10032850UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10032859UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10033000United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10033972United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10034235UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10034259UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10034291UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10034308UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10034514AustraliaAustraliaAustraliaAustralia
Hap10034611UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10034637UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10034657UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10035138United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10035207UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10035214UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10035503UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10035519CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10035544UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10035788RomaniaRomaniaRomaniaRomania
Hap10035915UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10036138United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10036781UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10036916UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10037305United StatesUnited StatesRussiaRussia
Hap10037427UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10037729NorwayUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10038315UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10038406United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10038594UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10038631United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10038815UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10038973United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10039001GermanyGermanyGermanyGermany
Hap10039118UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10039302UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10039594UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10039666UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10039756UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10039901UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10040339United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10040556United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

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Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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