H4a1a4b

Summary

Age: 3,482.5 ± 1,634.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A12642G G15884A
Parent Branch: H4a1a4
Descendant branch(s): H4a1a4b1 H4a1a4b2

Background

Haplogroup H4a1a4b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,800 and 5,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
14 H4a1a4b A12642G G15884A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
16 H4a1a4b A12642G G15884A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 H4a1a4b A12642G G15884A Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5000771 Behar et al., 2012a none H4a1a4b:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5001538 Behar et al., 2012b none H4a1a4b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 7397, 8400, 16519
Hap5001719 Behar et al., 2012b none H4a1a4b:315.1C, 523-524d, 12741Y, 16519Y
Hap5001820 Behar et al., 2012b none H4a1a4b:315.1C, 523-524d, 15172R, 16519
Hap5002018 Behar et al., 2012b none H4a1a4b:315.1C, 523-524d, 573.1XC, 16519
Hap5002268 Behar et al., 2012b none H4a1a4b:315.1C, 523-524d, 10972, 16519
Hap5002489 Behar et al., 2012b none H4a1a4b:315.1C, 523-524d, 7984R, 8583, 16519
Hap5002553 Behar et al., 2012b none H4a1a4b:315.1C, 523-524d, 629, 16519
Hap5003081 Behar et al., 2012b none H4a1a4b:315.1C, 523-524d, 7080, 16519
Hap5004606 Behar et al., 2012b none H4a1a4b:315.1C, 523-524d, 9977, 14484, 16519
Hap5005010 Behar et al., 2012b none H4a1a4b:315.1C, 523-524d, 13471, 16519
Hap5005096 Behar et al., 2012b none H4a1a4b:93, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5007322 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none H4a1a4b:315.1C, 523-524d, 8583, 16519
Hap5007908 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none H4a1a4b:200, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5007929 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none H4a1a4b:315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5009633 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 H4a1a4b:73, 146, 152, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16311 H4a1a4b:1-576d, 16024-16569d
Hap5012617 Raule et al., 2014 H4a1a4b:16311 H4a1a4b:315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5012817 Raule et al., 2014 none H4a1a4b:315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5013165 Raule et al., 2014 none H4a1a4b:315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5013224 Raule et al., 2014 none H4a1a4b:315.1C, 523-524d, 9033, 16519
Hap5013613 Raule et al., 2014 none H4a1a4b:315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5022814 Zheng et al., 2012 none H4a1a4b:16519
Hap5022815 Zheng et al., 2012 none H4a1a4b:7091, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10000317 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10000336 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10000398 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10000612 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10000895 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10000993 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10001060 Unspecified United States United States United States
Hap10001191 United States Germany Unspecified Germany
Hap10001686 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10001924 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10002143 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10002437 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10002590 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10002856 United States United States United States United States
Hap10003060 Ireland Ireland Ireland Ireland
Hap10003293 Australia Australia Australia Australia
Hap10003465 United States United States United States United States
Hap10003493 United States United States United States United States
Hap10003680 United States United States United States United States
Hap10003870 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10004038 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10004405 United States United States United States United States
Hap10004542 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10004556 United States United States United States United States
Hap10004667 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10005010 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10005198 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10005573 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10005582 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10005732 United States United States United States United States
Hap10005776 United States United States United States United States
Hap10005835 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10006047 United States United States Norway Norway
Hap10006133 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10006194 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10006368 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10007297 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10007436 United States United States United States United States
Hap10007574 United States United States United States United States
Hap10007708 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10007843 United States United States Sweden Sweden
Hap10008012 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10008116 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10008269 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10008399 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10008428 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10008445 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10008581 United States United States United States United States
Hap10009280 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10009288 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10009299 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10009566 Switzerland United States Unspecified United States
Hap10009599 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10010658 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10010675 United States United States United States United States
Hap10010858 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10011087 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10011196 United States United States United States United States
Hap10011915 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10011967 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10012250 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10012331 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10012535 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10012811 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10012893 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10013183 United States Norway Unspecified Norway
Hap10013257 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10013312 Australia Australia Australia Australia
Hap10013556 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10013735 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10013783 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10014047 United States United States United States United States
Hap10014105 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10014345 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10014506 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10015023 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10015084 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10015195 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10015767 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10015982 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10016180 United States United States United States United States
Hap10016312 United States United States Italy Italy
Hap10016375 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10016443 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10016458 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10016891 United States United States United States United States
Hap10016921 United States United States United States United States
Hap10016964 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10016995 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10017049 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10017127 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10017399 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10017691 Unspecified United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10017711 Portugal United States United States United States
Hap10017852 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10017936 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10018047 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10018390 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10018570 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10018687 United States United States United States United States
Hap10018728 United States United States United States United States
Hap10019002 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10019305 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10019373 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10019497 United States United States United States United States
Hap10019663 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10019752 Italy Italy Italy Italy
Hap10020004 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10020084 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10020119 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10020183 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10020207 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10020543 Unspecified Germany Germany Germany
Hap10020655 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10020702 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10020799 United States United States Sweden Sweden
Hap10021066 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10021408 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10021609 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10021715 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10021753 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10021829 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10021972 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10022033 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10022485 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10023106 United States United States United States United States
Hap10023522 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10023546 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10023752 United States United States United States United States
Hap10023928 United States United States United States United States
Hap10024237 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10024262 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10024298 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10024449 United States United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10024580 United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10024885 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10025445 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10025662 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10025780 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10025920 Unspecified United States Unspecified United States
Hap10026015 United States United States United States United States
Hap10027078 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10027102 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10027104 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10027111 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10027389 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10027520 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10027684 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10027751 Denmark Denmark Denmark Denmark
Hap10027952 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10028154 United States United States United States United States
Hap10028747 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10028871 United States United States United States United States
Hap10029032 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10029324 United States United States United States United States
Hap10029329 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10029459 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10029605 United States United States United States United States
Hap10030025 United States United States United States United States
Hap10030172 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10030735 United States United States United States United States
Hap10031134 United States United States Poland Poland
Hap10031502 United States United States United States United States
Hap10032192 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10032209 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10032284 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10032485 United States United States United States United States
Hap10032556 United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10032559 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10032755 France Unspecified Unspecified France
Hap10032850 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10032859 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10033000 United States United States United States United States
Hap10033972 United States United States United States United States
Hap10034235 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10034259 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10034291 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10034308 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10034514 Australia Australia Australia Australia
Hap10034611 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10034637 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10034657 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10035138 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10035207 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10035214 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10035503 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10035519 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10035544 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10035788 Romania Romania Romania Romania
Hap10035915 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10036138 United States United States United States United States
Hap10036781 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10036916 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10037305 United States United States Russia Russia
Hap10037427 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10037729 Norway United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10038315 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10038406 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10038594 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10038631 United States United States United States United States
Hap10038815 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10038973 United States United States United States United States
Hap10039001 Germany Germany Germany Germany
Hap10039118 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10039302 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10039594 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10039666 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10039756 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10039901 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10040339 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10040556 United States United States Unspecified United States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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