Age: 2,991.6 ± 1,936.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G13708A
Parent Branch: H4a1a
Descendant branch(s): H4a1a2a


Haplogroup H4a1a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,100 and 4,900 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
14 H4a1a2 G13708A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 H4a1a2 G13708A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 H4a1a2 G13708A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 H4a1a2 G13708A Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10005289 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10005605 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10005708 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10007573 Denmark Denmark Denmark Denmark
Hap10009192 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10011362 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10013444 United States United States United States United States
Hap10013534 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10013900 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10018283 United States United States United States United States
Hap10023176 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10029432 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10033936 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10040128 United States United States United States United States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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