H4a1

Summary

Age: 8,636.8 ± 1,559.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C14365T
Parent Branch: H4a
Descendant branch(s): H4a1a H4a1c H4a1d

Background

Haplogroup H4a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 7,100 and 10,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
14 H4a1 C14365T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 H4a1 C14365T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 H4a1 C14365T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 H4a1 C14365T Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5000783 Behar et al., 2012a H4a1:16189 H4a1:315.1C, 523-524d, 15211, 16519
Hap5000816 Behar et al., 2012a H4a1:146, 152 H4a1:315.1C, 9007, 16235T, 16286, 16519
Hap5001309 Behar et al., 2012b H4a1:152 H4a1:182, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3203, 15910, 16259, 16519
Hap5002314 Behar et al., 2012b H4a1:16311 H4a1:315.1C, 523-524d, 3083, 16209, 16519
Hap5003255 Behar et al., 2012b none H4a1:93, 194, 315.1C, 523-524d, 8093, 9110, 10095A, 10535, 16271, 16519
Hap5003829 Behar et al., 2012b H4a1:16311 H4a1:315.1C, 523-524d, 1536, 3083, 11371, 16189Y, 16209, 16519
Hap5005646 Brotherton et al., 2013 none H4a1:1-12d, 16519, 16558-16569d
Hap5005647 Brotherton et al., 2013 none H4a1:1-12d, 16519, 16558-16569d
Hap5006514 Coble et al., 2004 H4a1:152 H4a1:315.1C, 523-524d, 7741, 8433, 8975Y, 16519
Hap5009434 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 H4a1:73, 146, 152, 195, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16311 H4a1:1-576d, 16024-16569d
Hap5012258 Pichler et al., 2008 H4a1:12705 H4a1:315.1C, 523-524d, 16519
Hap5013055 Raule et al., 2014 none H4a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 5267, 16519
Hap5013878 Santoro et al., 2010 H4a1:146, 152 H4a1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 456, 460, 523-524d, 7853, 16304, 16519
Hap5015855 Pereira et al., ‎2007 none H4a1:315.1C, 523-524d, 5147, 15394, 16037, 16162, 16519
Hap5017917 Zaragoza et al., 2010b none H4a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 8954, 13104, 14218, 14767, 15326, 16239
Hap5022809 Zheng et al., 2012 none H4a1:523-524d, 960d, 5147, 5471, 16176G, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10000227 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10000661 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10000885 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10001340 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10001650 United States United States United States United States
Hap10001704 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10001850 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10002210 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10002419 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10002783 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10002789 Unspecified Canada Canada Canada
Hap10002843 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10003045 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10003563 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10003626 United States Canada Canada Canada
Hap10004197 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10005519 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10006389 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10006635 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10006646 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10007131 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10007200 United States United States Canada Canada
Hap10007577 Unspecified United States Unspecified United States
Hap10008463 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10009086 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10009148 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10009237 Japan United States Unspecified United States
Hap10009548 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10009722 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10012425 United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10013109 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10013333 United States United States Syria Syria
Hap10013523 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10014083 Singapore Australia Germany Germany
Hap10014735 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10014803 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10014887 United States United States United States United States
Hap10015112 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10015409 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10015501 Canada Canada United States United States
Hap10015942 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10015967 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10016054 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10016218 United States Mexico Mexico Mexico
Hap10016735 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10017899 United States Canada Canada Canada
Hap10018449 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10019067 United States United States Lebanon Lebanon
Hap10019074 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10019143 Spain Spain Unspecified Spain
Hap10019616 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10019724 Spain Spain Spain Spain
Hap10019802 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10019990 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10020165 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10020285 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10021109 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10021724 Luxembourg Luxembourg Unspecified Luxembourg
Hap10021944 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10022154 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10022846 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10023247 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10023501 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10023511 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10024071 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10024888 Canada Canada Unspecified Canada
Hap10025108 United States United States United States United States
Hap10025971 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10026498 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10026508 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10027064 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10027268 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10027455 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10028299 United States United States United States United States
Hap10028471 Germany Unspecified Unspecified Germany
Hap10028711 United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10028720 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10029532 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10029572 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10029998 United States United States Canada Canada
Hap10030121 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10030189 United States United States United States United States
Hap10030644 Morocco Morocco Morocco Morocco
Hap10031416 United States Argentina Unspecified Argentina
Hap10031418 United States United States United States United States
Hap10031592 Iran United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10031932 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10032141 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10032585 Canada Canada Unspecified Canada
Hap10033479 United States United States United States United States
Hap10034368 Australia Australia Australia Australia
Hap10034449 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10034624 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10035258 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10035982 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10036043 United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10036288 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10036356 United States United States Lebanon Lebanon
Hap10037030 Brazil Italy Italy Italy
Hap10037074 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10037227 Cuba Cuba Cuba Cuba
Hap10037237 United States Lebanon Lebanon Lebanon
Hap10037411 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10037621 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10038334 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10038713 United States United States United States United States
Hap10038766 United States United States Italy Italy
Hap10038780 United States United States Canada Canada
Hap10039096 United States United States United States United States
Hap10039109 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10039454 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10039844 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10040487 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10040511 Italy Italy Italy Italy
Hap10040568 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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