H4

Summary

Age: 10,617.3 ± 1,471.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C3992T T5004C G9123A
Parent Branch: H
Descendant branch(s): H4a H4b H4c H4d

Background

Haplogroup H4 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 9,100 and 12,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 H4 3992 5004 9123 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 H4 3992 5004 9123 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 H4 3992 5004 9123 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 H4 3992 5004 9123 Released 10 May 2009
05 H4 3992 5004 9123 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 H4 3992 5004 9123 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 H4 3992 5004 9123 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 H4 3992 5004 9123 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 H4 3992 5004 9123 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 H4 3992 5004 9123 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 H4 3992 5004 9123 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 H4 3992 5004 9123 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 H4 3992 5004 9123 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 H4 C3992T T5004C G9123A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 H4 C3992T T5004C G9123A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 H4 C3992T T5004C G9123A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 H4 C3992T T5004C G9123A Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5001201 Behar et al., 2012b H4:152 H4:234R, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 5051T, 16093, 16145, 16519
Hap5008265 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none H4:93, 315.1C, 523-524d, 1719R, 4733, 13350, 16519
Hap5012813 Raule et al., 2014 H4:9540 H4:239, 315.1C, 482, 523-525d, 3027
Hap5016155 Kujanová et al., 2009 none H4:315.1C, 482, 523-524d, 4248, 7562
Hap5016161 Kujanová et al., 2009 none H4:315.1C, 482, 523-524d, 4248, 7562

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10000246 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10001486 Iran Iran Iran Iran
Hap10006500 Romania Romania Unspecified Romania
Hap10006536 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10006979 Poland Poland Poland Poland
Hap10010054 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10010071 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10010241 United States United States United States United States
Hap10012739 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10012793 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10013269 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10016407 United States United States Italy Italy
Hap10017621 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10017638 United States United States United States United States
Hap10018415 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10018791 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10019303 United States United States United States United States
Hap10019475 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10023254 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10024755 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10025601 United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10026329 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10026414 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10026465 Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina
Hap10027737 United States United States United States United States
Hap10028051 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10029219 Romania Romania Romania Romania
Hap10034500 United States United States Poland Poland
Hap10036642 United States Serbia Serbia Serbia
Hap10036997 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10040622 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Keywords

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