H31a

Summary

Age: 2,127.4 ± 2,904.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T72g
Parent Branch: H31
Descendant branch(s):

Background

Haplogroup H31a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 5,000 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
14 H31a T72g Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 H31a T72g Released 30 Sep 2012
16 H31a T72g Released 19 Feb 2014
17 H31a T72g Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5002832 Behar et al., 2012b none H31a:309.1C, 315.1C, 5821, 16319
Hap5003868 Behar et al., 2012b none H31a:309.1C, 315.1C, 16390
Hap5007309 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none H31a:309.1C, 315.1C, 11254, 16319
Hap5008313 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none H31a:309.1C, 315.1C, 16319
Hap5008326 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none H31a:309.1C, 315.1C, 12561, 16319
Hap5008356 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none H31a:315.1C, 16319
Hap5008384 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none H31a:309.1C, 315.1C, 16319
Hap5008392 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none H31a:309.1C, 315.1C, 16319
Hap5008425 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none H31a:309.1C, 315.1C, 16319
Hap5012526 Raule et al., 2014 none H31a:309d, 315.1C, 10192, 16319
Hap5012578 Raule et al., 2014 none H31a:309.1C, 315.1C, 4316, 10192, 16319
Hap5022788 Zheng et al., 2012 none H31a:16319

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10000016 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10000914 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10001363 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10001419 United States United States United States United States
Hap10001518 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10001787 Unspecified United States United States United States
Hap10002562 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10002668 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10002868 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10003148 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10003822 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10004247 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10004916 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10005482 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10006468 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10006605 United States United States United States United States
Hap10008212 United States United States United States United States
Hap10008275 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10008713 United States Territories United States United States United States
Hap10008730 Canada Canada Ireland Ireland
Hap10009019 Australia Australia Australia Australia
Hap10009078 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10010788 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10012016 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10012774 New Zealand New Zealand New Zealand New Zealand
Hap10013035 Unspecified United States Unspecified United States
Hap10013327 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10013403 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10014062 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10014181 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10014529 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10014744 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10016126 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10016198 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10016244 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10017387 United States United States United States United States
Hap10017610 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10017685 United States United States United States United States
Hap10017872 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10018183 United States United States Canada Canada
Hap10018606 Australia Australia Australia Australia
Hap10019231 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10019924 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10020286 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10020338 United States United States United States United States
Hap10020417 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10020642 United States United States United States United States
Hap10020689 United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10021648 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10021943 United States United States United States United States
Hap10022035 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10022513 United States United States United States United States
Hap10022886 United States United States United States United States
Hap10023073 Unspecified United States United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10023345 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10023724 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10023787 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10023810 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10024224 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10024624 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10024724 United States United States United States United States
Hap10024962 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10025271 United States United States United States United States
Hap10027385 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10028131 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10028406 United States United States United States United States
Hap10028459 United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10028604 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10028697 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10028926 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10029576 United States United States United States United States
Hap10029608 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10030316 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10030317 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10030434 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10030789 United States United States United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10031210 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10031494 Canada Canada British Dependent Territories British Dependent Territories
Hap10031684 Netherlands Netherlands Netherlands Netherlands
Hap10031853 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10032437 Malaysia United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10032444 United States United States United States United States
Hap10033027 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10034021 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10035322 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10035752 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10036287 United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10036359 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10036819 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10037658 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10037856 United States United States United States United States
Hap10038099 United States United States United States United States
Hap10038373 Germany Germany Germany Germany
Hap10038562 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10038646 Canada Canada Unspecified Canada
Hap10038659 Unspecified United States United States United States
Hap10039292 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10039505 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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