H31

Summary

Age: 3,965.8 ± 3,439.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A7930t A10771G
Parent Branch: H
Descendant branch(s): H31a H31b

Background

Haplogroup H31 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 500 and 7,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
03 H31 (146) (195) 7930T 10771 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 H31 (146) (195) 7930T 10771 Released 10 May 2009
05 H31 (146) (195) 7930T 10771 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 H31 (146) (195) 7930T 10771 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 H31 (146) (195) 7930T 10771 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 H31 146 195 7930T 10771 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 H31 146 195 7930T 10771 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 H31 146 195 7930T 10771 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 H31 146 195 7930T 10771 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 H31 146 195 7930T 10771 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 H31 146 195 7930T 10771 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 H31 A7930t A10771G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 H31 A7930t A10771G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 H31 A7930t A10771G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 H31 A7930t A10771G Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5001333 Behar et al., 2012b none H31:309.1CC, 315.1C, 7927Y
Hap5002144 Behar et al., 2012b none H31:309.1C, 315.1C, 10562
Hap5002696 Behar et al., 2012b none H31:315.1C, 16360
Hap5002861 Behar et al., 2012b none H31:309.1C, 315.1C, 6413, 16295
Hap5003989 Behar et al., 2012b none H31:315.1C, 14990
Hap5007574 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none H31:315.1C, 1007, 16294
Hap5008158 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none H31:309.1CC, 315.1C, 2220, 7996, 16257A
Hap5008321 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none H31:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5008341 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none H31:151, 198, 315.1C, 2789
Hap5008535 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none H31:151, 198, 315.1C, 2789, 4560
Hap5009064 Gasparre et al., 2007 none H31:315.1C
Hap5009839 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 H31:73, 152, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16311 H31:1-576d, 16024-16569d
Hap5012895 Raule et al., 2014 none H31:315.1C
Hap5013208 Raule et al., 2014 none H31:309.1CC, 315.1C
Hap5013449 Raule et al., 2014 none H31:309.1CC, 315.1C
Hap5013572 Raule et al., 2014 none H31:195, 309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5013648 Raule et al., 2014 none H31:315.1C, 16104
Hap5013726 Raule et al., 2014 H31:10771 H31:309.1CT, 310, 315.1C
Hap5014322 Soini et al., 2012 H31:7930T H31:315.1C
Hap5022787 Zheng et al., 2012 H31:73 H31:315.1C, 8946

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10000009 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10000028 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10000623 United States United States United States United States
Hap10000964 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10001142 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10001881 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10002017 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10002047 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10002130 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10002256 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10002474 United States United States Denmark Denmark
Hap10003131 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10003559 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10004076 United States United States United States United States
Hap10005494 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10005955 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10006787 United States United States United States United States
Hap10007724 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10007808 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10008065 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10008201 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10008699 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10008799 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10009313 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10010468 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10010507 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10011248 Spain Spain Spain Spain
Hap10011292 Unspecified United States Unspecified United States
Hap10012481 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10012543 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10012712 United States United States United States United States
Hap10013952 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10014117 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10015716 Sweden Sweden Sweden Sweden
Hap10015787 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10016791 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10016820 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10017005 United States United States United States United States
Hap10018122 United States United States United States United States
Hap10018801 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10019053 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10019934 United States United States United States United States
Hap10020385 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10021347 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10021797 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10022252 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10023438 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10023685 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10024121 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10025465 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10025688 United States United States United States United States
Hap10025774 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10025778 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10030009 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10031246 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10031327 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10031501 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10031624 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10031754 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10031958 United States United States United States United States
Hap10032636 United States United States United States United States
Hap10032929 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10034471 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10035136 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10036122 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10036286 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10036718 Unspecified United States Germany Germany
Hap10037171 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10037741 United States United States Switzerland Switzerland
Hap10037818 United States United States United States United States
Hap10038678 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10039179 Canada Unspecified Unspecified Canada
Hap10039410 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10040045 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10040232 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10040401 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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