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H3b

Summary

Age: 7,961.4 ± 1,534.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A2581G
Parent Branch: H3
Descendant branch(s): H3b1 H3b2 H3b3 H3b4 H3b5 H3b6 H3b7

Background

Haplogroup H3b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 6,400 and 9,500 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build#CalledMutationsNotes
01H3b2581Released 27 Aug 2008
02H3b2581Released 14 Oct 2008
04H3b2581Released 10 May 2009
05H3b2581Released 8 Jul 2009
06H3b2581Released 28 Sep 2009
07H3b2581Released 10 Nov 2009
08H3b2581Released 21 Mar 2010
09H3b2581Released 20 Jun 2010
10H3b2581Released 10 Aug 2010
11H3b2581Released 7 Feb 2011
12H3b2581Released 20 Jul 2011
13H3b2581Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14H3bA2581GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15H3bA2581GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16H3bA2581GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17H3bA2581GReleased 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5002774Behar et al., 2012bH3b:11914H3b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 12972, 16148
Hap5005181Behar et al., 2012bH3b:195H3b:309.1C, 315.1C, 11662, 14769, 16362
Hap5005643Brotherton et al., 2013noneH3b:1-12d, 16558-16569d
Hap5008389Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016H3b:11914H3b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 12972, 16148
Hap5008394Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016H3b:11914H3b:309.1C, 315.1C, 8562, 12972, 16148

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10000201UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10000202UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10000210UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10000670United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10001615UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10001648UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10001806United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10002128United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10002697United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10002795IrelandIrelandIrelandIreland
Hap10002814United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10002826United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10003118United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10003146UnspecifiedGermanyGermanyGermany
Hap10003454FranceUnspecifiedUnspecifiedFrance
Hap10003583UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10003588UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10004040UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10004084United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10004128UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10004983United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10005311UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10005439UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10005486UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10005759UnspecifiedCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10005798UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10005858United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10005898UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10006404UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10006818United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10006877United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10007054United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10007356United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10007413United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10007572UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10007707AustraliaAustraliaUnspecifiedAustralia
Hap10007788UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10007964UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10008350United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10008508UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10008695UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10008967UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10009018UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10009707UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10009865United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10009982United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10010124UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10010347UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10010351United StatesUnited KingdomUnspecifiedUnited Kingdom
Hap10010445United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10010773United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10010981UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10011210United StatesUnited StatesIrelandIreland
Hap10011299United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10011365United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10011543UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10011817United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10012051GuatemalaGuatemalaUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10012649UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10012670CanadaCanadaUnspecifiedCanada
Hap10012948UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10013323UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10013452United StatesNetherlandsNetherlandsNetherlands
Hap10013510UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10013561UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10013655AustraliaAustraliaAustraliaAustralia
Hap10013885UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10013979CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10014000United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10014067UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10014158UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10014248UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10014361UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10014444United StatesUnited StatesNorwayNorway
Hap10014461UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10014675United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10014784UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10014899SwedenSwedenSwedenSweden
Hap10015244UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10015410United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10016051UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10016064UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10016352UnspecifiedPortugalPortugalPortugal
Hap10016361UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10016448United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10016450UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10016658UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10016771UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10016905UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10017029UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10017056UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10017744UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10018176UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10018254UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10018567CanadaNetherlandsNetherlandsNetherlands
Hap10018625United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10018719AustraliaAustraliaUnspecifiedAustralia
Hap10018884United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10018899United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10019011United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10019012UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10019261UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10019347UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10019384UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10019967UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10019973UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10020164UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10020339UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10020400UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10020425UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10020855MexicoUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10020866UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10020884UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10021670UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10021927UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10022314GermanyGermanyGermanyGermany
Hap10022408UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10022452UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10022596UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10022693United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10022810UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10022870United StatesGermanyGermanyGermany
Hap10023029UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10023606UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10023976AustriaUnspecifiedUnspecifiedAustria
Hap10024122United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10024744UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10024853UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10024854CanadaCanadaUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10025037UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10025041UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10025080United StatesUnited StatesItalyItaly
Hap10025160UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10025324United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10025411United StatesUnited StatesIrelandIreland
Hap10025444UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10025467UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10025561UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10025667UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10025868United KingdomNetherlandsNetherlandsNetherlands
Hap10026074UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10026167UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10026581United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10026830United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10026855United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10027440United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10027660United StatesItalyItalyItaly
Hap10027906UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10028208UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10028669United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10028685UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10029144CanadaCanadaFinlandFinland
Hap10029287CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10029367UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10029577CanadaCanadaUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10029578SpainUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10030066UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10030713CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10030728United StatesUnited StatesPolandPoland
Hap10031270UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10031379United StatesGermanyGermanyGermany
Hap10031556BrazilUnspecifiedUnspecifiedBrazil
Hap10031737UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10032000UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10032083CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10032547United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10032938UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10034431UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10034876UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10034879UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10034979UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10035049UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10036032UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10036395United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10036577United StatesUnited StatesUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10036624UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10036645UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10036766CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10036882UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10036963UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10036990UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10037226UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10037339UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10037805UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10037980UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10038180United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10038298NorwayNorwayNorwayNorway
Hap10038342UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10038775United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10038785United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10038818United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10038950UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10039183United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10039394UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10039398UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10039732UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10039736United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10039861United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10039973UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10040067United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10040126United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10040548United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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