H20a

Summary

Age: 7,363.2 ± 3,634.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C16328a
Parent Branch: H20
Descendant branch(s): H20a1 H20a2

Background

Haplogroup H20a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 3,700 and 11,000 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 H20a 249d 292 16362 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 H20a 249d 292 16362 Released 14 Oct 2008
04 H20a 249d 292 16328A 16362 Released 10 May 2009
05 H20a 249d 292 16328A 16362 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 H20a 249d 292 16328A 16362 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 H20a 249d 292 16328A 16362 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 H20a 249d 292 16328A 16362 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 H20a 249d 292 16328A 16362 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 H20a 249d 292 16328A 16362 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 H20a 249d 292 16328A 16362 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 H20a 249d 292 16328A 16362 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 H20a 249d 292 16328A 16362 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 H20a C16328a Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 H20a C16328a Released 30 Sep 2012
16 H20a C16328a Released 19 Feb 2014
17 H20a C16328a Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5000421 Behar et al., 2008a none H20a:249d, 292, 315.1C, 16362, 16519
Hap5002653 Behar et al., 2012b none H20a:315.1C, 7388R, 9756G, 9891, 11518, 16519
Hap5002936 Behar et al., 2012b none H20a:249d, 292, 309.1C, 315.1C, 11353, 15172, 16362, 16519
Hap5007877 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 H20a:13105 H20a:249d, 315.1C, 5108, 5471, 9656, 13547, 14831, 16037, 16243, 16519
Hap5012722 Raule et al., 2014 none H20a:309.1C, 315.1C, 7961, 9300, 9756G, 15448A, 16390, 16519
Hap5012754 Raule et al., 2014 none H20a:309.1C, 315.1C, 9756G, 14750
Hap5012800 Raule et al., 2014 none H20a:315.1C, 4216, 7961, 9300, 9756G, 12562G, 15448A, 16390, 16519
Hap5020999 Derenko et al., 2013 H20a:152 H20a:249d, 309.1C, 315.1C, 13344, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10000399 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10002444 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10004603 United States United States Syria Syria
Hap10005009 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10006375 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10006962 Cuba Cuba Cuba Cuba
Hap10007817 United Arab Emirates Iran Iran Iran
Hap10008211 United States United States United States United States
Hap10008526 France Mexico Mexico Mexico
Hap10008985 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10009699 Turkey Turkey Turkey Turkey
Hap10010217 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10011388 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10013419 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10013433 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10018632 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10019635 United States United States United States United States
Hap10023385 El Salvador El Salvador El Salvador El Salvador
Hap10023536 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10023573 Romania Romania Romania Romania
Hap10026712 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10028341 United States United States United States United States
Hap10029198 United States United States United States United States
Hap10029470 United States Mexico Mexico Mexico
Hap10032907 Canada United States Austria Austria
Hap10034246 Cuba Unspecified Unspecified Cuba
Hap10035549 Spain Spain Spain Spain
Hap10035575 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10036268 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10037925 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10038357 United States United States Unspecified United States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

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Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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