H20

Summary

Age: 10,831.4 ± 2,301.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C16218T
Parent Branch: H
Descendant branch(s): H20a H20b H20c

Background

Haplogroup H20 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 8,500 and 13,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 H20 16218 16328A Released 27 Aug 2008
02 H20 16218 16328A Released 14 Oct 2008
03 H20 16218 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 H20 16218 Released 10 May 2009
05 H20 16218 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 H20 16218 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 H20 16218 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 H20 16218 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 H20 16218 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 H20 16218 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 H20 16218 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 H20 16218 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 H20 16218 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 H20 C16218T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 H20 C16218T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 H20 C16218T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 H20 C16218T Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5003016 Behar et al., 2012b H20:16278 H20:309.1C, 315.1C, 3798, 14180
Hap5012973 Raule et al., 2014 none H20:309.1C, 315.1C, 1717, 6002, 6221Y, 6299, 6366R, 15244, 16309, 16519
Hap5014275 Shlush et al., 2008 none H20:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 6039, 8705, 8723, 14207

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10003068 Bulgaria Bulgaria Bulgaria Bulgaria
Hap10003276 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10005032 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10005318 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10007983 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10008972 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10009793 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10011200 Canada Canada United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10011678 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10013261 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10015102 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10015558 United States United States United States United States
Hap10019411 United States United States United States United States
Hap10022502 United States United States United States United States
Hap10023643 United States United States United States United States
Hap10023910 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10024069 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10024433 Egypt Egypt Egypt Egypt
Hap10024661 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10026210 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10027837 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10027872 Bahrain Bahrain Iraq Iraq
Hap10028823 Australia Australia United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10028989 United States United States United States United States
Hap10030005 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10031425 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10032549 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10035300 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10035401 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10035779 United States United States United States United States
Hap10036786 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10038284 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10038554 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10039165 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10039462 United States United States United States United States
Hap10040397 United States United States Unspecified United States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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