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H2b

Summary

Age: 6,446.8 ± 3,980.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T8598C
Parent Branch: H2
Descendant branch(s):

Background

Haplogroup H2b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 2,500 and 10,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build#CalledMutationsNotes
01H2b152 8598 16311Released 27 Aug 2008
02H2b152 8598 16311Released 14 Oct 2008
04H2b152 8598 16311Released 10 May 2009
05H2b152 8598 16311Released 8 Jul 2009
06H2b152 8598 16311Released 28 Sep 2009
07H2b152 8598 16311Released 10 Nov 2009
08H2b152 8598 16311Released 21 Mar 2010
09H2b152 8598 16311Released 20 Jun 2010
10H2b152 8598 16311Released 10 Aug 2010
11H2b152 8598 16311Released 7 Feb 2011
12H2b152 8598 16311Released 20 Jul 2011
13H2b152 8598 16311Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14H2bT8598CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15H2bT8598CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16H2bT8598CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17H2bT8598CReleased 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000022Achilli et al., 2004noneH2b:315.1C, 319, 13281, 13928, 16266, 16362, 16519
Hap5002301Behar et al., 2012bnoneH2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 6512, 12007, 16519
Hap5003888Behar et al., 2012bnoneH2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 8277, 8577, 16519
Hap5004585Behar et al., 2012bnoneH2b:315.1C, 1555, 16519
Hap5007923Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016H2b:146H2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 8101, 15386A, 16519
Hap5009388Hartmann et al., 2008noneH2b:199, 309.1C, 315.1C, 16086, 16519
Hap5022778Zheng et al., 2012noneH2b:11440, 16209, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10001188UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10002316UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10002911UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10004257United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10004270UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10004290UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10004352UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10006890UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10007530UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10008355UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10008499United KingdomUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited Kingdom
Hap10008554United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10009123UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10010264IndiaIndiaIndiaIndia
Hap10012220UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10013425United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10013722UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10013734UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10013923CanadaDenmarkDenmarkDenmark
Hap10014619VenezuelaUnited StatesPolandPoland
Hap10014924United StatesUnited StatesGreeceGreece
Hap10016349UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10018198IndiaIndiaIndiaIndia
Hap10018750UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10018768UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10019210United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10019289UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10020106United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10020147CanadaCanadaUnspecifiedCanada
Hap10020709UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10020840UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10021001UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10021260United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10022539United StatesUnited StatesAustriaAustria
Hap10022563UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10022714UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10022918United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10023256United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10023990UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10024109UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10024647United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10024723UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10025612United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10025958UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10026811UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10027182UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10028502UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10028671United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10028793UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10028826UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10029543TurkeyTurkeyTurkeyTurkey
Hap10029701JordanIsraelIsraelIsrael
Hap10031146UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10031310CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10031895GermanyGermanyUnspecifiedGermany
Hap10032219UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10032798UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10033298UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10033651UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10034458UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10036564UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10037113UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10037673TurkmenistanTurkmenistanTurkmenistanTurkmenistan
Hap10038757UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10038962UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10039954United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|