H2b

Summary

Age: 6,446.8 ± 3,980.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T8598C
Parent Branch: H2
Descendant branch(s):

Background

Haplogroup H2b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 2,500 and 10,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 H2b 152 8598 16311 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 H2b 152 8598 16311 Released 14 Oct 2008
04 H2b 152 8598 16311 Released 10 May 2009
05 H2b 152 8598 16311 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 H2b 152 8598 16311 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 H2b 152 8598 16311 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 H2b 152 8598 16311 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 H2b 152 8598 16311 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 H2b 152 8598 16311 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 H2b 152 8598 16311 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 H2b 152 8598 16311 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 H2b 152 8598 16311 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 H2b T8598C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 H2b T8598C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 H2b T8598C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 H2b T8598C Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5000022 Achilli et al., 2004 none H2b:315.1C, 319, 13281, 13928, 16266, 16362, 16519
Hap5002301 Behar et al., 2012b none H2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 6512, 12007, 16519
Hap5003888 Behar et al., 2012b none H2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 8277, 8577, 16519
Hap5004585 Behar et al., 2012b none H2b:315.1C, 1555, 16519
Hap5007923 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 H2b:146 H2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 8101, 15386A, 16519
Hap5009388 Hartmann et al., 2008 none H2b:199, 309.1C, 315.1C, 16086, 16519
Hap5022778 Zheng et al., 2012 none H2b:11440, 16209, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10001188 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10002316 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10002911 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10004257 United States United States United States United States
Hap10004270 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10004290 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10004352 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10006890 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10007530 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10008355 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10008499 United Kingdom Unspecified Unspecified United Kingdom
Hap10008554 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10009123 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10010264 India India India India
Hap10012220 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10013425 United States United States United States United States
Hap10013722 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10013734 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10013923 Canada Denmark Denmark Denmark
Hap10014619 Venezuela United States Poland Poland
Hap10014924 United States United States Greece Greece
Hap10016349 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10018198 India India India India
Hap10018750 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10018768 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10019210 United States United States United States United States
Hap10019289 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10020106 United States United States United States United States
Hap10020147 Canada Canada Unspecified Canada
Hap10020709 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10020840 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10021001 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10021260 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10022539 United States United States Austria Austria
Hap10022563 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10022714 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10022918 United States United States United States United States
Hap10023256 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10023990 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10024109 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10024647 United States United States United States United States
Hap10024723 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10025612 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10025958 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10026811 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10027182 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10028502 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10028671 United States United States United States United States
Hap10028793 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10028826 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10029543 Turkey Turkey Turkey Turkey
Hap10029701 Jordan Israel Israel Israel
Hap10031146 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10031310 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10031895 Germany Germany Unspecified Germany
Hap10032219 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10032798 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10033298 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10033651 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10034458 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10036564 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10037113 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10037673 Turkmenistan Turkmenistan Turkmenistan Turkmenistan
Hap10038757 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10038962 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10039954 United States United States Unspecified United States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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