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H2a2b

Summary

Age: 5,406.4 ± 2,301.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C16291T
Parent Branch: H2a2
Descendant branch(s): H2a2b1 H2a2b2 H2a2b3 H2a2b4 H2a2b5

Background

Haplogroup H2a2b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 3,100 and 7,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build#CalledMutationsNotes
01H2a2b16291Released 27 Aug 2008
02H2a2b16291Released 14 Oct 2008
04H2a2b16291Released 10 May 2009
05H2a2b16291Released 8 Jul 2009
06H2a2b16291Released 28 Sep 2009
07H2a2b16291Released 10 Nov 2009
08H2a2b16291Released 21 Mar 2010
09H2a2b16291Released 20 Jun 2010
10H2a2b16291Released 10 Aug 2010
11H2a2b16291Released 7 Feb 2011
12H2a2b16291Released 20 Jul 2011
13H2a2b16291Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14H2a2bC16291TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15H2a2bC16291TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16H2a2bC16291TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17H2a2bC16291TReleased 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5002414Behar et al., 2012bnoneH2a2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 391, 13708, 16519
Hap5002426Behar et al., 2012bnoneH2a2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 6261, 6527, 10235, 14384, 16519
Hap5003850Behar et al., 2012bH2a2b:16311H2a2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 573.1XC, 16357, 16519
Hap5004044Behar et al., 2012bnoneH2a2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 13708, 16051, 16519
Hap5004132Behar et al., 2012bnoneH2a2b:200, 309.1C, 315.1C, 15916Y, 16519
Hap5004890Behar et al., 2012bnoneH2a2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 391, 13708, 16150, 16519
Hap5005369Behar et al., 2012bH2a2b:13105H2a2b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5007355Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneH2a2b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 7853, 16519
Hap5008024Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneH2a2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16357, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10000414UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10000776GermanyUnspecifiedGermanyGermany
Hap10001345UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10001679UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10002014UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10002060UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10002737United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10003292UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10003442United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10003714UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10003726UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10003888UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10004134AustraliaAustraliaAustraliaAustralia
Hap10004394UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10004534UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10004544UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10004707United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10004827United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10005323UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10006476United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10006782UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10007692UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10008006United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10008089United StatesUnited StatesPolandPoland
Hap10008128UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10008209UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10008243United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10008367PhilippinesChinaUnspecifiedChina
Hap10008391AustraliaAustraliaAustraliaAustralia
Hap10008547United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10008633United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10009167UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10009170UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10009608UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10009693UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10010552UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10010583UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10011086United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10011103CanadaIrelandIrelandIreland
Hap10011901UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10011991United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10012636UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10012772UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10012868UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10012951UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10012993United StatesUnited StatesFranceFrance
Hap10013858UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10013906UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10014207UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10014454UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10014636UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10014980UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10015673IrelandIrelandCanadaCanada
Hap10015718UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10015977United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10016018UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10016286UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10017181UnspecifiedUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10017289UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10017375UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10017565UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10018009United StatesUnited StatesPolandPoland
Hap10018100UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10018277UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10018299UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10019035UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10019051UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10019536United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10019666AustraliaAustraliaAustraliaAustralia
Hap10019729United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10019768United StatesUnited StatesSpainSpain
Hap10020018UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10020039United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10020372United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10020647United KingdomNorwayNorwayNorway
Hap10020729UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10020919UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10021256UkraineUkraineUkraineUkraine
Hap10021903UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10022359United StatesUnited StatesIrelandIreland
Hap10022584UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10022883UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10022903United StatesMexicoMexicoMexico
Hap10022917UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10023482UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10023659United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10023911UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10024038UkraineUkraineUkraineUkraine
Hap10024838UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10025009United StatesCanadaUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10025172UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10025228UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10025239UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10025504UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10025613UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10025668CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10026685United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10026762UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10027639UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10028080South AfricaSouth AfricaSouth AfricaSouth Africa
Hap10028086United StatesUnited StatesSpainSpain
Hap10028192United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10029206UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10029229UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10029546CanadaCanadaUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10030322United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10030799UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10031188United StatesUnited StatesCanadaCanada
Hap10031268UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10031287United StatesFranceUnspecifiedFrance
Hap10031292UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10031300UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10031386United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10031452UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10031476UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10032272UkraineUkraineUkraineUkraine
Hap10033299UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10033643AustraliaUnspecifiedUnspecifiedAustralia
Hap10033674UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10034002United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10034310UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10034616UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10035208IrelandIrelandIrelandIreland
Hap10035513United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10035823UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10035828UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10035957UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10036057NorwayNorwayUnspecifiedNorway
Hap10036772United StatesUnited StatesRussiaRussia
Hap10036845United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10036898United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10037034UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10037099UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10037116UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10037899United StatesSpainUnspecifiedSpain
Hap10037938United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10037970United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10038058UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10038732IrelandIrelandIrelandIreland
Hap10038988United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10039365UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10039514UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10039595United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10040204UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10040266United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|