H2a2b

Summary

Age: 5,406.4 ± 2,301.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C16291T
Parent Branch: H2a2
Descendant branch(s): H2a2b1 H2a2b2 H2a2b3 H2a2b4 H2a2b5

Background

Haplogroup H2a2b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 3,100 and 7,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 H2a2b 16291 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 H2a2b 16291 Released 14 Oct 2008
04 H2a2b 16291 Released 10 May 2009
05 H2a2b 16291 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 H2a2b 16291 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 H2a2b 16291 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 H2a2b 16291 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 H2a2b 16291 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 H2a2b 16291 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 H2a2b 16291 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 H2a2b 16291 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 H2a2b 16291 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 H2a2b C16291T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 H2a2b C16291T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 H2a2b C16291T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 H2a2b C16291T Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5002414 Behar et al., 2012b none H2a2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 391, 13708, 16519
Hap5002426 Behar et al., 2012b none H2a2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 6261, 6527, 10235, 14384, 16519
Hap5003850 Behar et al., 2012b H2a2b:16311 H2a2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 573.1XC, 16357, 16519
Hap5004044 Behar et al., 2012b none H2a2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 13708, 16051, 16519
Hap5004132 Behar et al., 2012b none H2a2b:200, 309.1C, 315.1C, 15916Y, 16519
Hap5004890 Behar et al., 2012b none H2a2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 391, 13708, 16150, 16519
Hap5005369 Behar et al., 2012b H2a2b:13105 H2a2b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5007355 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none H2a2b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 7853, 16519
Hap5008024 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none H2a2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16357, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10000414 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10000776 Germany Unspecified Germany Germany
Hap10001345 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10001679 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10002014 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10002060 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10002737 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10003292 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10003442 United States United States United States United States
Hap10003714 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10003726 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10003888 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10004134 Australia Australia Australia Australia
Hap10004394 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10004534 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10004544 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10004707 United States United States United States United States
Hap10004827 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10005323 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10006476 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10006782 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10007692 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10008006 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10008089 United States United States Poland Poland
Hap10008128 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10008209 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10008243 United States United States United States United States
Hap10008367 Philippines China Unspecified China
Hap10008391 Australia Australia Australia Australia
Hap10008547 United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10008633 United States United States United States United States
Hap10009167 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10009170 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10009608 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10009693 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10010552 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10010583 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10011086 United States United States United States United States
Hap10011103 Canada Ireland Ireland Ireland
Hap10011901 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10011991 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10012636 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10012772 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10012868 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10012951 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10012993 United States United States France France
Hap10013858 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10013906 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10014207 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10014454 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10014636 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10014980 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10015673 Ireland Ireland Canada Canada
Hap10015718 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10015977 United States United States United States United States
Hap10016018 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10016286 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10017181 Unspecified United States Unspecified United States
Hap10017289 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10017375 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10017565 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10018009 United States United States Poland Poland
Hap10018100 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10018277 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10018299 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10019035 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10019051 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10019536 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10019666 Australia Australia Australia Australia
Hap10019729 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10019768 United States United States Spain Spain
Hap10020018 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10020039 United States United States United States United States
Hap10020372 United States United States United States United States
Hap10020647 United Kingdom Norway Norway Norway
Hap10020729 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10020919 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10021256 Ukraine Ukraine Ukraine Ukraine
Hap10021903 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10022359 United States United States Ireland Ireland
Hap10022584 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10022883 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10022903 United States Mexico Mexico Mexico
Hap10022917 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10023482 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10023659 United States United States United States United States
Hap10023911 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10024038 Ukraine Ukraine Ukraine Ukraine
Hap10024838 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10025009 United States Canada United States United States
Hap10025172 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10025228 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10025239 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10025504 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10025613 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10025668 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10026685 United States United States United States United States
Hap10026762 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10027639 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10028080 South Africa South Africa South Africa South Africa
Hap10028086 United States United States Spain Spain
Hap10028192 United States United States United States United States
Hap10029206 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10029229 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10029546 Canada Canada United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10030322 United States United States United States United States
Hap10030799 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10031188 United States United States Canada Canada
Hap10031268 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10031287 United States France Unspecified France
Hap10031292 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10031300 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10031386 United States United States United States United States
Hap10031452 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10031476 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10032272 Ukraine Ukraine Ukraine Ukraine
Hap10033299 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10033643 Australia Unspecified Unspecified Australia
Hap10033674 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10034002 United States United States United States United States
Hap10034310 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10034616 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10035208 Ireland Ireland Ireland Ireland
Hap10035513 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10035823 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10035828 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10035957 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10036057 Norway Norway Unspecified Norway
Hap10036772 United States United States Russia Russia
Hap10036845 United States United States United States United States
Hap10036898 United States United States United States United States
Hap10037034 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10037099 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10037116 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10037899 United States Spain Unspecified Spain
Hap10037938 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10037970 United States United States United States United States
Hap10038058 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10038732 Ireland Ireland Ireland Ireland
Hap10038988 United States United States United States United States
Hap10039365 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10039514 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10039595 United States United States United States United States
Hap10040204 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10040266 United States United States Unspecified United States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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