H2a2a

Summary

Age: 7,037.0 ± 2,018.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G8860A G15326A
Parent Branch: H2a2
Descendant branch(s): H2a2a1 H2a2a2

Background

Haplogroup H2a2a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 5,000 and 9,100 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 H2a2a 263 8860 15326 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 H2a2a 263 8860 15326 Released 14 Oct 2008
04 H2a2a 263 8860 15326 Released 10 May 2009
05 H2a2a 263 8860 15326 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 H2a2a 263 8860 15326 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 H2a2a 263 8860 15326 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 H2a2a 263 8860 15326 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 H2a2a 263 8860 15326 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 H2a2a 263 8860 15326 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 H2a2a 263 8860 15326 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 H2a2a 263 8860 15326 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 H2a2a 263 8860 15326 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 H2a2a G8860A G15326A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 H2a2a G8860A G15326A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 H2a2a G8860A G15326A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 H2a2a G8860A G15326A Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5001262 Behar et al., 2012b H2a2a:195, 7521 H2a2a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 5988, 16319, 16519
Hap5016793 Malyarchuk et al., 2010a none H2a2a:315.1C, 3116, 3693, 8736, 11929, 14058, 16519
Hap5016805 Malyarchuk et al., 2010a none H2a2a:315.1C, 3116, 3693, 8736, 11929, 14058, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10000175 Unspecified United States Unspecified United States
Hap10000903 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10001251 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10002543 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10006689 United States United States United States United States
Hap10007179 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10007606 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10008641 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10008767 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10010365 United States United States United States United States
Hap10010391 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10010739 United States United States United States United States
Hap10012175 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10012204 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10015660 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10015861 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10018276 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10020821 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10022792 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10023172 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10024147 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10026133 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10026308 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10026744 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10027069 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10028574 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10028741 United States United States Ireland Ireland
Hap10028776 United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10029491 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10029562 United States United States United States United States
Hap10029882 United States United States United States United States
Hap10031312 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10032315 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10032788 United States United States United States United States
Hap10033295 United States United States Italy Italy
Hap10033348 United States United States United States United States
Hap10033452 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10036230 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10038796 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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