H2a2

Summary

Age: 9,126.3 ± 1,873.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G750A
Parent Branch: H2a
Descendant branch(s): H2a2a H2a2b

Background

Haplogroup H2a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 7,300 and 11,000 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 H2a2 750 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 H2a2 750 Released 14 Oct 2008
04 H2a2 750 Released 10 May 2009
05 H2a2 750 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 H2a2 750 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 H2a2 750 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 H2a2 750 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 H2a2 750 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 H2a2 750 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 H2a2 750 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 H2a2 750 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 H2a2 750 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 H2a2 G750A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 H2a2 G750A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 H2a2 G750A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 H2a2 G750A Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5000175 Annunen-Rasila et al., 2006 H2a2:73, 146, 152, 195, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16311 H2a2:1-576d, 4080, 16024-16569d
Hap5000176 Annunen-Rasila et al., 2006 H2a2:73, 146, 152, 195, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16311 H2a2:1-576d, 4080, 16024-16569d
Hap5000177 Annunen-Rasila et al., 2006 H2a2:73, 146, 152, 195, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16311 H2a2:1-576d, 4080, 16024-16569d
Hap5000178 Annunen-Rasila et al., 2006 H2a2:73, 146, 152, 195, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16311 H2a2:1-576d, 4080, 16024-16569d
Hap5000179 Annunen-Rasila et al., 2006 H2a2:73, 146, 152, 195, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16311 H2a2:1-576d, 4080, 16024-16569d
Hap5000180 Annunen-Rasila et al., 2006 H2a2:73, 146, 152, 195, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16311 H2a2:1-576d, 4080, 16024-16569d
Hap5002549 Behar et al., 2012b none H2a2:309.1CC, 315.1C, 5054, 14769, 14798, 16519
Hap5003891 Behar et al., 2012b none H2a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 1007, 16172, 16519
Hap5009402 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 H2a2:73, 146, 152, 195, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16311 H2a2:1-576d, 3388A, 16024-16569d
Hap5009453 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 H2a2:73, 146, 152, 195, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16311 H2a2:1-576d, 1555, 3388A, 16024-16569d
Hap5009580 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 H2a2:73, 146, 152, 195, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16311 H2a2:1-576d, 16024-16569d
Hap5009720 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 H2a2:73, 146, 152, 195, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16311 H2a2:1-576d, 16024-16569d
Hap5009986 Hinttala et al., 2006 H2a2:73, 146, 152, 195, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16311 H2a2:1-522d, 11548, 16091-16569d

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10000995 Canada Canada Unspecified Canada
Hap10001453 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10002311 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10002331 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10002626 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10002742 Canada Canada Unspecified Canada
Hap10004774 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10005304 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10005507 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10006190 United States United States United States United States
Hap10007366 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10008102 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10008461 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10009329 Australia Australia United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10010597 Austria Austria Unspecified Austria
Hap10011647 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10011927 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10015199 Australia United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10016235 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10016437 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10019711 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10020520 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10021045 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10021369 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10022525 United States United States United States United States
Hap10022789 United States United States United States United States
Hap10023153 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10023409 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10024931 United States United States United States United States
Hap10024933 United States United States United States United States
Hap10026816 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10027466 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10027584 United States United States United States United States
Hap10027934 United States United States United States United States
Hap10028378 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10028957 United States United States United States United States
Hap10029370 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10030031 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10030841 Italy Italy Italy Italy
Hap10030910 United States United States United States United States
Hap10031485 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10032154 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10032807 United States United States United States United States
Hap10033855 Poland Poland Poland Poland
Hap10035740 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10036422 United States United States United States United States
Hap10036490 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10037826 United States United States United States United States
Hap10038413 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10038967 United Kingdom United Kingdom Ireland Ireland
Hap10039771 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10039945 United States United States United States United States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

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Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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