H2a1d

Summary

Age: 1,165.1 ± 4,407.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A4769G! G6260A A8679G
Parent Branch: H2a1
Descendant branch(s):

Background

Haplogroup H2a1d is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 5,600 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
14 H2a1d A4769G! G6260A A8679G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 H2a1d A4769G! G6260A A8679G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 H2a1d A4769G! G6260A A8679G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 H2a1d A4769G! G6260A A8679G Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5007398 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none H2a1d:309.1CC, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5007470 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 H2a1d:73 H2a1d:309.1C, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5009634 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 H2a1d:73, 146, 152, 195, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16311, 16354 H2a1d:1-576d, 16024-16569d

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10000546 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10002028 United States United States United States United States
Hap10005821 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10006017 United States United States United States United States
Hap10006428 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10006628 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10007215 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10008251 United States United States United States United States
Hap10008753 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10008863 United States United States United States United States
Hap10009413 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10010732 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10011797 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10013286 Ireland Ireland Unspecified Ireland
Hap10013823 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10014334 United States United States Ireland Ireland
Hap10015571 Ireland Ireland Ireland Ireland
Hap10019014 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10019880 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10020790 United States United States United States United States
Hap10021335 Australia Australia Australia Australia
Hap10021496 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10021795 Trinidad and Tobago Unspecified Unspecified Trinidad and Tobago
Hap10021801 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10022272 United States United States United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10023922 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10024485 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10024875 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10026095 United Kingdom United Kingdom Ireland Ireland
Hap10026460 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10027042 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10027624 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10029463 United States United States United States United States
Hap10030222 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10033931 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10037468 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10039998 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|