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H2a1c

Summary

Age: 1,784.9 ± 2,414.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G3834A
Parent Branch: H2a1
Descendant branch(s):

Background

Haplogroup H2a1c is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 4,200 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build#CalledMutationsNotes
14H2a1cG3834AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15H2a1cG3834AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16H2a1cG3834AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17H2a1cG3834AReleased 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5002940Behar et al., 2012bnoneH2a1c:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5003312Behar et al., 2012bH2a1c:152H2a1c:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5004297Behar et al., 2012bnoneH2a1c:228R, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 11158, 12351
Hap5004829Behar et al., 2012bnoneH2a1c:309.1CC, 6353, 11899
Hap5008582Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneH2a1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 10724
Hap5009335Hartmann et al., 2008noneH2a1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 5177
Hap5012795Raule et al., 2014noneH2a1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 8470
Hap5013283Raule et al., 2014noneH2a1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 7289, 15831Y
Hap5013522Raule et al., 2014noneH2a1c:309.1C, 315.1C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10000897UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10001730UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10001987UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10002011United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10003015UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10003152UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10004008United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10004378UnspecifiedUnited StatesPolandPoland
Hap10004833UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10005224UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10007412KosovoKosovoUnspecifiedKosovo
Hap10007715UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10008140CanadaCanadaUnspecifiedCanada
Hap10009392FinlandFinlandFinlandFinland
Hap10009850Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovina
Hap10013282UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10014121KazakhstanKazakhstanRussiaRussia
Hap10014866UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10014937United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10014967UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10015028United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10015296United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10015303UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10015412United StatesUnited StatesAustriaAustria
Hap10015858UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10017002UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10018475UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10018937AustriaAustriaAustriaAustria
Hap10019165UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10021751UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10022973CanadaCanadaPolandPoland
Hap10023892UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10024149UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10025523UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10026890UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10028110UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10028845RussiaRussiaRussiaRussia
Hap10029091United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10029699United StatesUnited StatesLithuaniaLithuania
Hap10031182AustraliaEstoniaEstoniaEstonia
Hap10031617United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10031653United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10031845UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10032100CanadaTurkeyTurkeyTurkey
Hap10032275UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10033807UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10033844United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10033983FinlandFinlandUnspecifiedFinland
Hap10034566UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10035792UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10036313UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10039536UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10039894UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10040510United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|