H2a1c

Summary

Age: 1,784.9 ± 2,414.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G3834A
Parent Branch: H2a1
Descendant branch(s):

Background

Haplogroup H2a1c is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 4,200 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
14 H2a1c G3834A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 H2a1c G3834A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 H2a1c G3834A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 H2a1c G3834A Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5002940 Behar et al., 2012b none H2a1c:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5003312 Behar et al., 2012b H2a1c:152 H2a1c:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5004297 Behar et al., 2012b none H2a1c:228R, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 11158, 12351
Hap5004829 Behar et al., 2012b none H2a1c:309.1CC, 6353, 11899
Hap5008582 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none H2a1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 10724
Hap5009335 Hartmann et al., 2008 none H2a1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 5177
Hap5012795 Raule et al., 2014 none H2a1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 8470
Hap5013283 Raule et al., 2014 none H2a1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 7289, 15831Y
Hap5013522 Raule et al., 2014 none H2a1c:309.1C, 315.1C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10000897 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10001730 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10001987 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10002011 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10003015 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10003152 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10004008 United States United States United States United States
Hap10004378 Unspecified United States Poland Poland
Hap10004833 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10005224 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10007412 Kosovo Kosovo Unspecified Kosovo
Hap10007715 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10008140 Canada Canada Unspecified Canada
Hap10009392 Finland Finland Finland Finland
Hap10009850 Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina
Hap10013282 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10014121 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan Russia Russia
Hap10014866 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10014937 United States United States United States United States
Hap10014967 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10015028 United States United States United States United States
Hap10015296 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10015303 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10015412 United States United States Austria Austria
Hap10015858 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10017002 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10018475 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10018937 Austria Austria Austria Austria
Hap10019165 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10021751 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10022973 Canada Canada Poland Poland
Hap10023892 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10024149 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10025523 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10026890 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10028110 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10028845 Russia Russia Russia Russia
Hap10029091 United States United States United States United States
Hap10029699 United States United States Lithuania Lithuania
Hap10031182 Australia Estonia Estonia Estonia
Hap10031617 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10031653 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10031845 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10032100 Canada Turkey Turkey Turkey
Hap10032275 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10033807 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10033844 United States United States United States United States
Hap10033983 Finland Finland Unspecified Finland
Hap10034566 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10035792 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10036313 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10039536 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10039894 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10040510 United States United States Unspecified United States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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