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H2a1b

Summary

Age: 4,162.3 ± 3,062.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A5978G A13395G
Parent Branch: H2a1
Descendant branch(s): H2a1b1 H2a1b2

Background

Haplogroup H2a1b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,100 and 7,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build#CalledMutationsNotes
14H2a1bA5978G A13395GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15H2a1bA5978G A13395GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16H2a1bA5978G A13395GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17H2a1bA5978G A13395GReleased 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5002562Behar et al., 2012bnoneH2a1b:210, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5002581Behar et al., 2012bnoneH2a1b:72G, 309.1C, 315.1C, 2195, 16256, 16519
Hap5002720Behar et al., 2012bnoneH2a1b:210, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 8538, 9309, 16519
Hap5007243Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneH2a1b:72G, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 2195, 3395C, 16256, 16519
Hap5012502Raule et al., 2014noneH2a1b:72G, 309.1C, 315.1C, 2195, 14871, 16256, 16519
Hap5012550Raule et al., 2014H2a1b:16311H2a1b:72G, 309.1C, 315.1C, 2195, 3540, 16256, 16519
Hap5012645Raule et al., 2014noneH2a1b:72G, 309.1C, 315.1C, 2195, 16256, 16519
Hap5013041Raule et al., 2014noneH2a1b:72G, 309.1C, 315.1C, 2195, 16256, 16519
Hap5013477Raule et al., 2014noneH2a1b:72G, 309.1C, 315.1C, 2195, 6053Y, 16256, 16519
Hap5013585Raule et al., 2014noneH2a1b:72G, 309.1C, 315.1C, 2195, 16256, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10000441United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10000886United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10002043UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10003296United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10003792UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10005481UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10005535United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10005547UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10007093United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10010270United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10010628CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10011769UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10012174NetherlandsNetherlandsUnspecifiedNetherlands
Hap10012506CanadaCanadaCanadaCanada
Hap10012651United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10012958UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10014591UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10014898United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10015360UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10015374UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10015921UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10017725UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10018409UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10018530New ZealandNew ZealandNew ZealandNew Zealand
Hap10019858UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10020355UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10020504UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10021097UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10021230United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10021420United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10021560UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10022729UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10023458United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10023960United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10024123United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10024465United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10025199UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10026557UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10027911United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10028640United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10028704UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10029109United StatesUnited StatesCanadaCanada
Hap10029409NetherlandsNetherlandsNetherlandsNetherlands
Hap10029446United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10029517United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10029560UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10029834United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10030091UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10030242United StatesUnited StatesCzech RepublicCzech Republic
Hap10030682United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10030763UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10031266UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10031696UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10031797UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10032308United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10032405UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10032824UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10033281UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10034395United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10034830United KingdomUnited KingdomUnited KingdomUnited Kingdom
Hap10035135HungaryUnspecifiedUnspecifiedHungary
Hap10035628IrelandIrelandIrelandIreland
Hap10036438UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified
Hap10036445New ZealandNew ZealandNew ZealandNew Zealand
Hap10040380UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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