H2a1b

Summary

Age: 4,162.3 ± 3,062.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A5978G A13395G
Parent Branch: H2a1
Descendant branch(s): H2a1b1 H2a1b2

Background

Haplogroup H2a1b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,100 and 7,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
14 H2a1b A5978G A13395G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 H2a1b A5978G A13395G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 H2a1b A5978G A13395G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 H2a1b A5978G A13395G Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5002562 Behar et al., 2012b none H2a1b:210, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5002581 Behar et al., 2012b none H2a1b:72G, 309.1C, 315.1C, 2195, 16256, 16519
Hap5002720 Behar et al., 2012b none H2a1b:210, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 8538, 9309, 16519
Hap5007243 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none H2a1b:72G, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 2195, 3395C, 16256, 16519
Hap5012502 Raule et al., 2014 none H2a1b:72G, 309.1C, 315.1C, 2195, 14871, 16256, 16519
Hap5012550 Raule et al., 2014 H2a1b:16311 H2a1b:72G, 309.1C, 315.1C, 2195, 3540, 16256, 16519
Hap5012645 Raule et al., 2014 none H2a1b:72G, 309.1C, 315.1C, 2195, 16256, 16519
Hap5013041 Raule et al., 2014 none H2a1b:72G, 309.1C, 315.1C, 2195, 16256, 16519
Hap5013477 Raule et al., 2014 none H2a1b:72G, 309.1C, 315.1C, 2195, 6053Y, 16256, 16519
Hap5013585 Raule et al., 2014 none H2a1b:72G, 309.1C, 315.1C, 2195, 16256, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10000441 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10000886 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10002043 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10003296 United States United States United States United States
Hap10003792 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10005481 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10005535 United States United States United States United States
Hap10005547 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10007093 United States United States United States United States
Hap10010270 United States United States United States United States
Hap10010628 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10011769 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10012174 Netherlands Netherlands Unspecified Netherlands
Hap10012506 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10012651 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10012958 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10014591 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10014898 United States United States United States United States
Hap10015360 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10015374 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10015921 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10017725 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10018409 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10018530 New Zealand New Zealand New Zealand New Zealand
Hap10019858 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10020355 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10020504 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10021097 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10021230 United States United States United States United States
Hap10021420 United States United States United States United States
Hap10021560 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10022729 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10023458 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10023960 United States United States United States United States
Hap10024123 United States United States United States United States
Hap10024465 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10025199 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10026557 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10027911 United States United States United States United States
Hap10028640 United States United States United States United States
Hap10028704 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10029109 United States United States Canada Canada
Hap10029409 Netherlands Netherlands Netherlands Netherlands
Hap10029446 United States United States United States United States
Hap10029517 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10029560 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10029834 United States United States United States United States
Hap10030091 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10030242 United States United States Czech Republic Czech Republic
Hap10030682 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10030763 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10031266 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10031696 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10031797 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10032308 United States United States United States United States
Hap10032405 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10032824 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10033281 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10034395 United States United States United States United States
Hap10034830 United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10035135 Hungary Unspecified Unspecified Hungary
Hap10035628 Ireland Ireland Ireland Ireland
Hap10036438 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10036445 New Zealand New Zealand New Zealand New Zealand
Hap10040380 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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