H2

Summary

Age: 11,905.3 ± 1,364.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G1438A
Parent Branch: H
Descendant branch(s): H2a H2b H2c

Background

Haplogroup H2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 10,500 and 13,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 H2 1438 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 H2 1438 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 H2 1438 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 H2 1438 Released 10 May 2009
05 H2 1438 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 H2 1438 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 H2 1438 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 H2 1438 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 H2 1438 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 H2 1438 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 H2 1438 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 H2 1438 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 H2 1438 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 H2 G1438A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 H2 G1438A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 H2 G1438A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 H2 G1438A Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5003632 Behar et al., 2012b H2:16189 H2:309.1CC, 315.1C, 2772, 8129

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10000873 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10001491 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10003795 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10005598 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10007991 Australia Australia United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10009129 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10010875 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10010963 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10015371 Estonia Estonia Estonia Estonia
Hap10016179 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10017569 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10017917 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10018597 United States United States Ireland Ireland
Hap10018661 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10019732 United States United States United States United States
Hap10020508 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10021336 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10021503 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10024985 United States United States United States United States
Hap10025658 United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom
Hap10027192 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10030027 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10030393 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10030400 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10030570 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10031969 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10034061 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10034513 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10037301 United States United States Italy Italy
Hap10037661 United States United States British Dependent Territories British Dependent Territories
Hap10038115 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10040077 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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