H15b

Summary

Age: 5,507.9 ± 3,301.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T3847C
Parent Branch: H15
Descendant branch(s): H15b1 H15b2

Background

Haplogroup H15b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 2,200 and 8,800 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

One of the earliest research studies with someone from this line was Achilli et al., 2004. The paper was focused on the Franco-Cantabrian Glacial Refuge. This is a small part of Europe where some humans were able to survive during the last ice age. The individual tested was an Italian. In Shlush et al., 2008, an H15b person was found in the Druze population. The Druze are an isolated population in the Middle East.

There are two citizen science samples donated to GenBank (Greenspan et al., 2006 – 2016) and another donated through Behar et al., 2012b. The first two are Armenian and the third's demographics are unknown.

A sixth sample from Denmark comes from a medical research study (Raule et al., 2014).

Geno 2 data shows diverse maternal origins in Europe and the Middle East. In the Middle East, results come from Turkey, Iran, and Lebanon. In Europe, they come from Greece, Italy, and Denmark. Further, there are Americans in the United States with European origins.

With a distribution that reaches to Denmark, it is tempting to place this line in Europe before the last ice age. However, H15b is much younger than the beginning of the last ice age, and the parent branch, H15, is unlikely to be from Europe. Thus, the Franco-Cantabrian Refuge is unlikely to have been the source for H15b's ancestors. The age of H15b and its spread from the Middle East to Europe may link it to the spread of farming in the late Neolithic. It could also have come to Europe with later migrations in the Bronze Age.

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
04 H15b 3847 Released 10 May 2009
05 H15b 3847 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 H15b 3847 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 H15b 3847 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 H15b 3847 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 H15b 3847 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 H15b 3847 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 H15b 3847 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 H15b 3847 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 H15b 3847 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 H15b T3847C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 H15b T3847C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 H15b T3847C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 H15b T3847C Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5000021 Achilli et al., 2004 none H15b:315.1C, 1117, 10993, 16519
Hap5004228 Behar et al., 2012b none H15b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 16519, 16527
Hap5008098 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 H15b:57 H15b:56.1A, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 8699, 13818, 15115, 16519
Hap5008270 Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016 none H15b:56T, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 8699, 13371, 13818, 16519
Hap5013330 Raule et al., 2014 none H15b:185, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5014289 Shlush et al., 2008 H15b:57 H15b:54C, 56.1A, 200, 309.1C, 315.1C, 9336, 9612, 9644, 10819, 13145, 16086, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10002144 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10003724 United States United States United States United States
Hap10007166 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10008596 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10008861 United Kingdom Greece Greece Greece
Hap10009103 Denmark Denmark Denmark Denmark
Hap10009908 Iran Iran Iran Iran
Hap10010117 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10011140 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10013471 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10014815 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10015221 United States United States United States United States
Hap10015397 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10015680 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10017370 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10018646 Turkey Turkey Turkey Turkey
Hap10021689 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10023067 Unspecified Italy Italy Italy
Hap10023329 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10023457 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10023834 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10023931 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10025162 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10025332 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10025704 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10027002 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10028933 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10028988 United States United States United States United States
Hap10029642 United States United States United States United States
Hap10029745 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10030969 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10032590 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10032847 Lebanon Lebanon Lebanon Lebanon
Hap10036404 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10037721 United States United States United States United States
Hap10038249 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10038266 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10038495 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

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Last updated: July 27, 2016 at 17:07 pm

Keywords

Peoples: | Places: Armenia, Denmark, Greece, Iran, Italy, Lebanon, and Turkey

2016-07-27T17:07:35+00:00 June 6th, 2016|