H12

Summary

Age: 4,560.6 ± 3,584.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C3936T A14552G
Parent Branch: H
Descendant branch(s): H12a

Background

Haplogroup H12 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 1,000 and 8,100 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 H12 3936 14552 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 H12 3936 14552 Released 14 Oct 2008
04 H12 3936 14552 Released 10 May 2009
05 H12 3936 14552 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 H12 3936 14552 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 H12 3936 14552 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 H12 3936 14552 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 H12 3936 14552 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 H12 3936 14552 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 H12 3936 14552 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 H12 3936 14552 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 H12 3936 14552 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 H12 C3936T A14552G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 H12 C3936T A14552G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 H12 C3936T A14552G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 H12 C3936T A14552G Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5000055 Achilli et al., 2004 none H12:315.1C, 16287
Hap5005661 Carelli et al., 2006 none H12:3460, 16274
Hap5005662 Carelli et al., 2006 none H12:3460, 16274
Hap5009105 Gasparre et al., 2007 H12:146 H12:315.1C
Hap5009689 Herrnstadt et al., 2002 H12:73, 146, 152, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16311 H12:1-576d, 16024-16569d
Hap5012113 Pello et al., 2008 none H12:3460, 16274
Hap5013153 Raule et al., 2014 H12:73 H12:195, 315.1C, 16287

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10005860 Serbia Croatia Croatia Croatia
Hap10007740 Canada Canada Canada Canada
Hap10008899 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10011308 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10011759 Lebanon Lebanon Unspecified Lebanon
Hap10013814 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10014096 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10014378 Albania Albania Albania Albania
Hap10015019 Australia Greece Greece Greece
Hap10016157 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10016159 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10017326 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10022734 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10025436 United States United States Croatia Croatia
Hap10025624 United States United States Italy Italy
Hap10025783 Canada Greece Unspecified Greece
Hap10026575 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10027284 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10027634 Croatia Croatia Croatia Croatia
Hap10028081 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10030749 Germany Greece Greece Greece
Hap10030972 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10031665 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10032238 Croatia Croatia Croatia Croatia
Hap10032862 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10033882 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10035056 Unspecified Greece Greece Greece
Hap10035134 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10039306 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10039519 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10039608 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

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Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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