Age: 4,483.8 ± 2,869.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C14129T
Parent Branch: H1t
Descendant branch(s): H1t1a


Haplogroup H1t1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,600 and 7,400 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
10 H1t1 14129 14224 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 H1t1 14129 14224 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 H1t1 14129 14224 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 H1t1 14129 14224 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 H1t1 C14129T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 H1t1 C14129T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 H1t1 C14129T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 H1t1 C14129T Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5000953 Behar et al., 2012a none H1t1:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d
Hap5001062 Behar et al., 2012a none H1t1:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5001102 Behar et al., 2012a none H1t1:309.1CC, 523-524d

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10034915 United States United States Russia Russia

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


Peoples: | Places:

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|