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Age: 1,041.5 ± 1,665.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A93G 960.XC G1462A C4883T
Parent Branch: H1e
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup H1e3 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 2,700 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

14H1e3A93G 960.XC G1462A C4883TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15H1e3A93G 960.XC G1462A C4883TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16H1e3A93G 960.XC G1462A C4883TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17H1e3A93G 960.XC G1462A C4883TReleased 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5000945Behar et al., 2012anoneH1e3:185, 315.1C
Hap5000946Behar et al., 2012anoneH1e3:185, 315.1C
Hap5000967Behar et al., 2012anoneH1e3:185, 315.1C
Hap5001002Behar et al., 2012anoneH1e3:185, 315.1C
Hap5001137Behar et al., 2012anoneH1e3:185, 315.1C
Hap5001152Behar et al., 2012anoneH1e3:185, 315.1C, 7191
Hap5007952Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneH1e3:315.1C
Hap5011040Kivisild et al., 2006H1e3:73, 93, 146, 152, 195, 247, 16187, 16189, 16223, 16230, 16278, 16311H1e3:1-435d, 6314, 16022-16569d
Hap5022745Howell et al., 2003H1e3:960.1XCH1e3:6164, 11778

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10027643United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10028038United StatesUnited StatesGermanyGermany

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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